Curcuma


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Curcuma

 

a genus of herbaceous plants of the family Zin-giberaceae. They are perennial plants, 0.5–3 m tall, with thick rootstocks. The leaves are usually large and lance-shaped or oblong. The flowers are in dense, spike-like inflorescences surrounded by bracts that are sometimes brightly colored. There are more than 40 species, mainly in tropical Asia and a few in northern Australia and tropical Africa. Many species of Curcuma have long been cultivated as food, spice, and medicinal plants. The most important is turmeric (C. longa), whose aromatic rootstock is used as an ingredient in spicy seasonings. The yellow dye obtained from it is used to dye fabrics and color butter and cheeses. The rootstock of C. zedoaria is used in medicine and perfumery; a starchy meal (a substitute for arrowroot) is obtained from it and from other species.

References in periodicals archive ?
Agati sesbania), Piper sarmentosum Roxb (Wild betal) and Curcuma domestica Valeton (Turmeric) showed high antibacterial and antioxidant activities.
Pharmacodynamic and pharmacokinetic study of oral Curcuma extract in patients with colorectal cancer.
Add crushed garlic, ginger, salt, pepper, curcuma and Emirati spice mix (to taste) and saute.
Diarylheptanoids are phytoestrogens isolated from Curcuma comosa, a plant in the Zingiberaceae family.
Known as oil of curcuma, it contains borneol, cineol, curcumin, phellandrene, turmerone and zingerone.
2004) observed that dry storage, even over short periods, was harmful to the flowers of Curcuma alismatifolia; however, the wet storage to prevent excessive loss of water and the flowers kept at 10[degrees]C had a normal vase life.
1972, "Anti-inflammatory and anti-arthritic activity of volatile oil of Curcuma longa (Haldi)," Ind.
India, in particular, has had to rapidly come to terms with the need to protect traditional knowledge and genetic resources from companies seeking to patent 'phytopharmaceuticals: The wake up call came in the mid-1990s when the US Patent and Trademarks Office granted a patent on the wound healing properties of turmeric, extracted from the plant Curcuma longa.
TURMERIC is the root of the curcuma longa plant, which is from the ginger family and has a tough brown skin and deep orange flesh.
Turmeric (Curcuma longa) or Curcuma longa is also a plant that has similar medicinal properties.
Curcumin comes from a perennial herb called Curcuma longa.
Curcuma heyneana, locally called temu giring, contains piperazine citrate, aetheric oil, natural resins, fat and other substances and is often used in traditional medicines.