Curonians


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Curonians

 

(called the kors’ in Russian chronicles), an ancient Latvian people who lived along the southwestern coast of the Baltic Sea, primarily on the territory of modern West Latvia.

The Curonians were first mentioned in written sources at the end of the ninth century. The primitive communal structure of their society broke down, and feudal relations appeared during the eighth through tenth centuries. The Curonians’ principal occupations were agriculture and animal husbandry, but they also engaged in fishing, hunting, crafts, and trade.

During the seventh and eighth centuries, they struggled against the Scandinavians, who had seized part of the coastal strip of their territory. They liberated the territory and began their own attacks on Sweden and Denmark. Despite their heroic struggle, which lasted from 1210 to 1267, the Curonians were subdued by German conquerors. By the beginning of the 17th century, they were merged with the Latgallians and Zemgalians into a single Latvian people.

REFERENCE

Istoriia Latviiskoi SSR, vol. 1. Riga, 1952.
References in periodicals archive ?
The Samogitians received some help during the battle only from the Curonians, who joined their side.
A similar attitude can be observed among Finns and Livs, to a lesser degree also Karelians and Curonians, while the position of ethnic Baltic groups was probably much more opposing.
3, Estonians and Thoreyda Livs HCL XIII (5), Livs and Curonians HCL XIV (5), Osilians and Gotlanders HCL XXX).
On the eastern shore of the Baltic Sea, the above-mentioned belt mounts and Urnes-style decorated weapons were confined mainly to the same regions Finland, Karelia, Estonia, and the Liv and Curonian areas in present-day Latvia.
According to Saxo (8) he was constantly on the offensive against Pagan peoples in Eastern Baltic--the Estonians, the Curonians and the Sambians--before and after he won the throne of Denmark.
The most extensive and vivid episode from the historical part of Saxo's work is the one of an Estonian and Curonian naval expedition to the easternmost parts of the Danish kingdom.
Critical as he must be towards the views of his predecessor, Suhm prefers to believe in Huitfeldt since he was once Denmark's Chancellor of the Realm, (77) in the question of whether or not Curonian bishops had had a seat in the Danish king's Council.
Lithuanian lietus, Latvian lietus, Curonian liets, which is derived from the Balto-Slavic verbal root * lei- > li- 'to pour', it is possible that the name for Livonia and the name for Livonians may be connected either with the East Slavic stem for rainstorm, cf.
The southwestern line ran from the Curonian Lagoon (Lith.