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a state institution that oversees the transport of goods, including baggage and mail, across the state’s frontier and that, in addition, collects customs duties and fees (see alsoCUSTOMS DUTIES).

Customhouses appeared in Rus’ in the 13th century, being established eventually not only in ports and border areas but also inside the country, at the boundaries of local markets and cities. Today, customhouses are located at prescribed border points, including ports, and in major urban centers. In several countries, a customhouse flies a customs flag.

The customhouse has a variety of responsibilities. It oversees compliance with customs laws and regulations and appraises the commodities being imported and exported. It also provides temporary storage facilities. In addition, it confiscates articles whose import or export is either prohibited or restricted, takes measures against smuggling, and carries out the inspection of goods. It levies customs duties and customs fees, and, for violations of regulations, it imposes fines and, on occasion, resorts to seizure of goods. The customhouse also oversees compliance with customs formalities, including the submission of required documents, especially the customs declaration, bill of lading, certificate of origin, export or import license, and health and veterinary certificates (see and ).

Violations of customs regulations include failure to report to a customhouse, unauthorized landing by boat, failure to submit required documents, the consignment or receipt of an item without prior authorization of a customhouse, and the concealment of goods.

In most capitalist countries, customhouses are under the jurisdiction of the finance ministry. In the USSR they are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Foreign Trade of the USSR, specifically, of the Main Customs Administration and customs institutions (customhouses and their branch offices).

In May 1918 customhouses were organized as organs of central Soviet power under the jurisdiction of the Department of Customs Revenue of the People’s Commissariat of Finance. In June 1918 they were transferred to the jurisdiction of the People’s Commissariat of Trade and Industry. They are now regulated by the Customs Code of 1964. In the socialist countries, the principal function of the customhouse is to ensure compliance with the state’s monopoly of foreign trade.



A building where customs duties are received.
References in periodicals archive ?
He also said some new branches of the customhouse would be established on the Torkham-Jalalabad Highway in near future.
AaAlgeria and Libya intend to open a joint customhouse at the frontier posts of Dabdab and Ghadames with a view to boosting trade between the two countries, a source said from Tripoli, where an expert meeting is being held since Thursday to prepare for the thirteenth session of the Algerian-Libyan high joint committee, to take place next Sunday and Monday.
Under Jackson, dozens of editors received political appointments, from customhouse collector to Librarian of Congress.
Foreign merchants were also ordered to confine their activities to Essaouira, so that the lion's share of foreign trade now flowed through its customhouse, swelling the royal coffers.
Customhouse brokers commonly prepare documents for the importer that have important legal effects and require considerable knowledge of the law of customs duties.
This formula well suits Loving's project in Lost in the Customhouse, which discusses the psychological work of literary authorship in the nineteenth-century United States as an existential quest in which the "American self" first attempts to jettison the excess baggage represented by the social and political dimensions of reality, achieves in "psychological victory" the individuation of Melville's "carpet-bag - that is to say, the Ego," becomes existentially lost and Puritanically reborn on "this frontier of the imagination" (xii-xiii), and eventually returns - after Whitman - to "the social cycle" (xiv).
QuestaWeb's FTZ(QW) incorporates information-sharing capabilities with QuestaWeb's import, export, customhouse brokerage and freight-forwarding modules when used in conjunction with other TradeMaster(QW) modules, reducing data redundancy.
The 433ft, 42-storey-high building is planned for land on Cardiff's Customhouse Street, next to the Radisson Blu hotel and Altolusso apartment developments.
The 433ft-high 42-storey high student block is planned for land on Customhouse Street, next to the Radisson Blu hotel and Altolusso apartments.
Jan Seal, is a Management Consultant on International Trade and a Licensed Customhouse Broker with over 35 years of experience in imports and exports.
We hope the agency makes a public statement that the ranks of licensed customhouse brokers are open to our military Reservists.
Saturday, June 7 FIRE & WATER FESTIVAL, times vary, Customhouse Quay, Greenock.