Cyclades

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Cyclades

(sī`klədēz), Gr. Kikládhes [Gr.,=circular], island group (1991 pop. 94,005), c.1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km), SE Greece, a part of the Greek archipelago, in the Aegean Sea stretching SE from Attica. The name was originally used to indicate those islands forming a rough circle around DelosDelos
, island, c.1 sq mi (2.6 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea, smallest of the Cyclades. In Greek mythology, Leto gave birth to Apollo and Artemis on Delos; and the island was particularly sacred to Apollo.
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. The Cyclades include about 220 islands of which TínosTínos
or Tenos
, island (1991 pop. 7,747), 79 sq mi (204 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. Wine, figs, and wheat are produced on Tínos, and blue-hued marble is quarried.
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, ÁndrosÁndros
, island (1991 pop. 8,781), 146 sq mi (378 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea, the northernmost and second largest of the Cyclades. Ándros (1991 pop. 1,370) is the capital and chief town. The island produces silk, wine, and fruit and has manganese deposits.
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, MílosMílos
or Milo
, mountainous island (1991 pop. 4,390), 58 sq mi (150 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. The main town is Mílos, formerly known as Plaka. The island's products include grain, cotton, fruits, and olive oil.
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, NáxosNáxos
, island (1991 pop. 14,838), c.160 sq mi (410 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; largest of the Cyclades. Náxos, the chief town, is on the western shore. The fertile island produces fruits, olive oil, and a noted white wine.
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, KéaKéa
or Keos
, Lat. Ceos, island (1991 pop. 1,787), c.61 sq mi (160 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. Fruits, barley, and silk are produced. Kéa, the main town, is situated on the site of ancient Iulis.
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, PárosPáros
, island (1991 pop. 9,591), c.81 sq mi (210 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. The main town is Páros. The land slopes to the coast from Mt. Hagios Ilias (c.2,500 ft/760 m high).
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, Serifos, Ios, Kithnos, and ThíraThíra
or Thera
, volcanic island (1991 pop. 9,360), c.30 sq mi (80 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea. One of the Cyclades, Thíra is also known as Santorini, for St. Irene, the protector of the island. It is a tourism center noted for its wine.
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 are important. ErmoupolisErmoupolis,
 Hermoupolis
, or Síros
, city (1991 pop. 13,030), capital of Cyclades prefecture, SE Greece, on the east coast of Síros island. It is the chief city of the Cyclades and a major Aegean port and commercial center.
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, on Síros, is the chief town and administrative center of the group. Largely mountainous, with a dry and mild climate, the islands produce wine, fruit, wheat, olive oil, and tobacco. Iron, manganese, and sulfur are mined, and marble is quarried. Unplanned development and crowds of summer tourists have caused pollution and water shortages. The islands are noted for the Bronze Age artworks found there (see Cycladic artCycladic art
, Bronze Age art of the Cyclades, an island group of the central Aegean. Early tomb remains include several types of jugs, pots, and bowls decorated in geometric designs, as well as figural sculptures made of marble.
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). In 1829 the Cyclades passed from the Ottoman Empire to Greece.

Cyclades

 

an archipelago in the southern Aegean Sea; the islands are part of Greece. The Cyclades consist of over 200 islands, which form several garlands extending from the northwest to the southeast. The total area is 2,600 sq km. The largest islands are Naxos (428 sq km), Andros (405 sq km), Tinos, Paros, and Melos. The islands are of continental origin and are projecting parts of the underwater bar that connects the Balkan Peninsula with Asia Minor. The Cyclades primarily consist of crystalline rocks and limestones. The maximum elevation is 1,008 m (on Naxos). The islands of Melos and Thera are of volcanic origin. There are frequent earthquakes. The climate is Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and warm, humid winters. The annual precipitation is approximately 500 mm. Xerophytic shrub and subshrub vegetation predominates on the mountain slopes; vineyards, citrus fruit and olive plantations, and fields of wheat and corn grow in the valleys. There is cattle raising and fishing. Iron ore and bauxite are mined; on Naxos there is a large deposit of emery.

CYCLADES

A packet switched network developed by Louis Pouzin in France in the early 1970s. CYCLADES was the first communications network without central control. Each machine was responsible for sending and receiving data, and it greatly influenced the eventual design of the Internet protocol (TCP/IP). In 1981, CYCLADES was abandoned in favor of France's X.25-based Transpac network. See TCP/IP and X.25.
References in periodicals archive ?
Although the two examples of the Cycladic Islands and post-1976
program of museum building and refurbishment in the Cycladic Islands,
In addition to reducing the energy cost in the Cycladic islands by connecting the substations to power plants on the mainland, they will sustainably meet energy demand on the Cycladic islands throughout high-demand summer seasons as well as phase out dedicated fuel-powered generation plants on Cycladic islands in line with EU directives.
They were broken elsewhere, presumably on other Cycladic islands, following a use-life of many years, and a residue of the broken fragments was then systematically brought to Keros for ritual disposal.
The sanctuary at Keros came to act as a symbolic attractor for the entire region of the Aegean occupied by the Cycladic Islands, and perhaps more widely.
The project aim is 3-fold: to meet energy demand on the Cycladic islands throughout high-demand summer seasons; to phase out dedicated fuel-powered generation plants on Cycladic islands with EU directives, such as reducing gas emissions; and to lower the cost of energy in the Cycladic islands by connecting them to power plants on the mainland.
Landscape archaeology as long-term history: northern Keos in the Cycladic Islands.
The project aim is threefold: to sustainably meet energy demand on the Cycladic islands throughout high-demand summer seasons; to phase out dedicated fuel-powered generation plants on Cycladic islands in line with EU directives, such as reducing gas emissions; and finally, to lower the cost of energy in the Cycladic islands by connecting them to power plants on the mainland.
Armand Pineda, Vice President West Europe and Africa of Alstom, said, Alstom is proud to contribute to this major strategic development, connecting Cycladic islands to mainland Greece as part of the interconnected transmission network of ENTSO-E for sustainable energy transmission.
The Cycladic islands in the central Aegean were home to a distinctive culture throughout the entire third millennium BC, the hallmark of which are the Early Cycladic figurines, masterpieces carved in white marble (Doumas 2002).
The new threat that prompted increasing investment in defence has not been adequately explained, nor whether the decrease in number of mainland settlements of the subsequent EB III period is to be attributed to this threat, but evidence for warfare at some level can be inferred from the large number of copper and bronze daggers and spearpoints, sling-stones around the fortification walls at a few sites, and the arrival of the menacing longboat in the Cycladic Islands (Branigan 1999; Doumas 1990).