Cyclades(redirected from Cycladic Islands)
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Cyclades(sī`klədēz), Gr. Kikládhes [Gr.,=circular], island group (1991 pop. 94,005), c.1,000 sq mi (2,590 sq km), SE Greece, a part of the Greek archipelago, in the Aegean Sea stretching SE from Attica. The name was originally used to indicate those islands forming a rough circle around DelosDelos
, island, c.1 sq mi (2.6 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea, smallest of the Cyclades. In Greek mythology, Leto gave birth to Apollo and Artemis on Delos; and the island was particularly sacred to Apollo.
..... Click the link for more information. . The Cyclades include about 220 islands of which TínosTínos
, island (1991 pop. 7,747), 79 sq mi (204 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. Wine, figs, and wheat are produced on Tínos, and blue-hued marble is quarried.
..... Click the link for more information. , ÁndrosÁndros
, island (1991 pop. 8,781), 146 sq mi (378 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea, the northernmost and second largest of the Cyclades. Ándros (1991 pop. 1,370) is the capital and chief town. The island produces silk, wine, and fruit and has manganese deposits.
..... Click the link for more information. , MílosMílos
, mountainous island (1991 pop. 4,390), 58 sq mi (150 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. The main town is Mílos, formerly known as Plaka. The island's products include grain, cotton, fruits, and olive oil.
..... Click the link for more information. , NáxosNáxos
, island (1991 pop. 14,838), c.160 sq mi (410 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; largest of the Cyclades. Náxos, the chief town, is on the western shore. The fertile island produces fruits, olive oil, and a noted white wine.
..... Click the link for more information. , KéaKéa
, Lat. Ceos, island (1991 pop. 1,787), c.61 sq mi (160 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. Fruits, barley, and silk are produced. Kéa, the main town, is situated on the site of ancient Iulis.
..... Click the link for more information. , PárosPáros
, island (1991 pop. 9,591), c.81 sq mi (210 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea; one of the Cyclades. The main town is Páros. The land slopes to the coast from Mt. Hagios Ilias (c.2,500 ft/760 m high).
..... Click the link for more information. , Serifos, Ios, Kithnos, and ThíraThíra
, volcanic island (1991 pop. 9,360), c.30 sq mi (80 sq km), SE Greece, in the Aegean Sea. One of the Cyclades, Thíra is also known as Santorini, for St. Irene, the protector of the island. It is a tourism center noted for its wine.
..... Click the link for more information. are important. ErmoupolisErmoupolis,
, or Síros
, city (1991 pop. 13,030), capital of Cyclades prefecture, SE Greece, on the east coast of Síros island. It is the chief city of the Cyclades and a major Aegean port and commercial center.
..... Click the link for more information. , on Síros, is the chief town and administrative center of the group. Largely mountainous, with a dry and mild climate, the islands produce wine, fruit, wheat, olive oil, and tobacco. Iron, manganese, and sulfur are mined, and marble is quarried. Unplanned development and crowds of summer tourists have caused pollution and water shortages. The islands are noted for the Bronze Age artworks found there (see Cycladic artCycladic art
, Bronze Age art of the Cyclades, an island group of the central Aegean. Early tomb remains include several types of jugs, pots, and bowls decorated in geometric designs, as well as figural sculptures made of marble.
..... Click the link for more information. ). In 1829 the Cyclades passed from the Ottoman Empire to Greece.
an archipelago in the southern Aegean Sea; the islands are part of Greece. The Cyclades consist of over 200 islands, which form several garlands extending from the northwest to the southeast. The total area is 2,600 sq km. The largest islands are Naxos (428 sq km), Andros (405 sq km), Tinos, Paros, and Melos. The islands are of continental origin and are projecting parts of the underwater bar that connects the Balkan Peninsula with Asia Minor. The Cyclades primarily consist of crystalline rocks and limestones. The maximum elevation is 1,008 m (on Naxos). The islands of Melos and Thera are of volcanic origin. There are frequent earthquakes. The climate is Mediterranean, with hot, dry summers and warm, humid winters. The annual precipitation is approximately 500 mm. Xerophytic shrub and subshrub vegetation predominates on the mountain slopes; vineyards, citrus fruit and olive plantations, and fields of wheat and corn grow in the valleys. There is cattle raising and fishing. Iron ore and bauxite are mined; on Naxos there is a large deposit of emery.