bicycle racing

(redirected from Cycle racing)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

bicycle racing

or

cycling,

an internationally popular sport conducted on closed courses or the open road. Track racing takes place at a velodrome, usually a banked 1,093.6 ft (.333 km) oval. Olympic medals are awarded in individual and team track events, including the sprint, which features a duel between two finalists. Another track event is the pursuit, in which racers begin at opposite sides of the circuit and attempt to catch each other. The Olympics include road races, but the best-known road events are grueling multiday races, especially the Tour de France (begun in 1903), which covers some 2,500 mi (4,000 km) in more than 20 daily stages. Tour de France cyclists ride for teams that share prize money and employ various strategies to aid each other, but an individual winner emerges from both time trials and races over varied terrain, including downhill mountain rides at speeds above 70 mph (113 kph). The Tour is the best known of cycling's Grand Tours; the Giro d'Italia (begun 1909) and Vuelta a España (begun 1935) are the other two. In 1996 mountain biking, featuring varied off-road events (cross-country, hill climb, slalom), debuted as an Olympic event. Cyclocross, long popular in Europe and gaining in the United States, involves racing around an obstacle-filled course.

In recent years, professional bicycle racing has been marred by revelations of the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Several favorites were barred from the 2006 Tour de France as a result of doping charges, and the winner that year, American Floyd Landis, tested positive for high testosterone levels (and presumed testosterone use) and was ultimately stripped of the title. In addition, the long-dominant Lance ArmstrongArmstrong, Lance,
1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist.
..... Click the link for more information.
 was accused, after his retirement, of doping by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and others. A 2012 report on professional bicycle racing the agency revealed the most egregious doping scandal and the most complex conspiracy to date in any competitive sport. It led the International Cycling Union, which governs the sport, to strip Armstrong (who asserted his innocence until 2013) of his Tour de France titles and to bar him for life from the sport.

Bibliography

See T. Hamilton, The Secret Race (with D. Coyle, 2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
To generate PS50m on race weekend and attract many visitors to the county just demonstrates how popular cycle racing in Yorkshire has become and how valuable hosting the races is to our regional economy.
Benefits: Cyclo-cross is off-road cycle racing on grass and tracks, up and down banks, on a circuit of up to one mile in length.
The dead, whose mangled bodies were covered with sheets in a dramatic scene on the road, were members of a local amateur cycle racing team ranging in age from 35 to 58 who had been cycling on a road near Lamezia Terme in the southern Italian region of Calabria.
Another bumper year for cycle racing in the North East is promised with The League International set to repeat its successful race format of last year.
THIS picture shows a cycle racing club from the 1940s - Whaley's Whippets.
While there are color photos throughout, the meat and heart of CYCLE RACING lies in its race-specific instructions and precise guidelines on how to win.
THE cycle racing champions of the Kirkby Track League and the British Cycling Federation (Merseyside) come up for their awards at Kirkby Sports Centre tomorrow (7.
But motor cycle racing is a dangerous sport, whether on the roads on on a track.
A proposal to link the British Cycling Federation's Under-23 team to the Linda McCartney professional cycle racing team - led by former Tour de France hero Sean Yates - has now fallen through.
Those who raise $250 or more also will receive a custom "Cycle Faster" cycle racing jersey.
CYCLE racing is set to return to Huddersfield town centre this summer.
SUPER-FIT sports enthusiasts from all over Britain will be running marathons, climbing mountains and taking part in high-speed cycle racing this weekend - within the four walls of a Warwickshire gym.