bicycle racing

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bicycle racing



an internationally popular sport conducted on closed courses or the open road. Track racing takes place at a velodrome, usually a banked 1,093.6 ft (.333 km) oval. Olympic medals are awarded in individual and team track events, including the sprint, which features a duel between two finalists. Another track event is the pursuit, in which racers begin at opposite sides of the circuit and attempt to catch each other. The Olympics include road races, but the best-known road events are grueling multiday races, especially the Tour de France (begun in 1903), which covers some 2,500 mi (4,000 km) in more than 20 daily stages. Tour de France cyclists ride for teams that share prize money and employ various strategies to aid each other, but an individual winner emerges from both time trials and races over varied terrain, including downhill mountain rides at speeds above 70 mph (113 kph). The Tour is the best known of cycling's Grand Tours; the Giro d'Italia (begun 1909) and Vuelta a España (begun 1935) are the other two. In 1996 mountain biking, featuring varied off-road events (cross-country, hill climb, slalom), debuted as an Olympic event. Cyclocross, long popular in Europe and gaining in the United States, involves racing around an obstacle-filled course.

In recent years, professional bicycle racing has been marred by revelations of the use of performance-enhancing drugs. Several favorites were barred from the 2006 Tour de France as a result of doping charges, and the winner that year, American Floyd Landis, tested positive for high testosterone levels (and presumed testosterone use) and was ultimately stripped of the title. In addition, the long-dominant Lance ArmstrongArmstrong, Lance,
1971–, American cyclist, b. Dallas, Tex. He won (1991) the U.S. amateur cycling championship, turned professional (1992), and by the mid-1990s had won the Tour DuPont twice and was being hailed as the finest U.S. cyclist.
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 was accused, after his retirement, of doping by the U.S. Anti-Doping Agency and others. A 2012 report on professional bicycle racing the agency revealed the most egregious doping scandal and the most complex conspiracy to date in any competitive sport. It led the International Cycling Union, which governs the sport, to strip Armstrong (who asserted his innocence until 2013) of his Tour de France titles and to bar him for life from the sport.


See T. Hamilton, The Secret Race (with D. Coyle, 2012).

References in periodicals archive ?
The aim is to ensure that cycle sport remains accessible throughout the world and that the key component to a performance remains the rider.
Its undoubtedly the most exciting cycle sport by a huge distance and spectacors can be assured of 90 minutes of alarming crashes and bone-jarring racing.
Bicycle repair service during the ride is provided by four local bicycle shops: Bicycle Village, Boulder Cycle Sport, LTD Cycleworx and Wheat Ridge Cyclery.
Riding for MTS Cycle Sport Scott RT in Durham, Matt Kipling finished in 25th place in the same time as winner Opie in 3 hours 57 minutes 18 seconds.
It will allow us to focus on developing riders to national and international events as the money goes directly to our race team across the cycle sport disciplines.
uk ScottishPower Regional BMX Series Round 6 Sunday 14th June BMX racing is one of the most exciting forms of cycle sport, so this is an opportunity to experience it first-hand with some of Scotland's best riders competing.
British Cycling's cycle sport and membership director, Jonny Clay said: "We are delighted to be working with UK Sport and Newport City Council again to bring international para-cycling competition back to Wales and provide our athletes with this opportunity to gain qualification points for the Rio Games.
Jonny Clay, cycle sport and membership director for British Cycling, said: "We have been working closely with the organisers of Velothon Wales for over a year now and we are very excited with how the project has developed.
He is already well known in his age group within cycle sport in Britain as an endurance specialist who also rides on the track and time trials.
This is a tragedy which will sadden the whole cycle sport community in this country.
The initiative is part of Go-Ride, British Cycling's youth development programme, which aims to introduce young people to the world of cycle sport.
He is an enthusiastic supporter of cycle sport, and is also an admirer of good design in bicycles.