Cyclorama


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cyclorama

[¦sī·klə′räm·ə]
(graphic arts)
A vertical surface, often curved, used to form the background for theatrical settings; an illusion of depth is achieved by even lighting.

Cyclorama

 

a type of spatial, or plastic, art. A cyclorama consists of a ribbon-like picture, stretched over the inside surface of a cylindrical frame and combined with an assortment of objects—including structures and real objects—which are arranged in a circle in front of it. It depends for its effect on special lighting. Usually housed in a special building with a round hall, it is viewed from a platform in the center of the room. Because cycloramas create the illusion of real space, encircling the viewer in the manner of a horizon, they are used primarily to represent events occurring over a sizable area with a large number of participants.

The first cyclorama was created in Edinburgh at the end of the 18th century by the Irish painter R. Barker. Cycloramas, usually of battle scenes, became widespread in the 19th century. The most important cycloramas in Russia were created by the painter F. A. Rubo. His Siege of Sevastopol’ (1902–04) opened in Sevastopol’ (1902-04) in 1905. It was badly damaged during the 1941–42 siege of Sevastopol’ but was restored and reopened in 1954. The Battle of Borodino, painted in 1911, opened in Moscow in 1912 and again in 1962. The Soviet painters M. B. Grekov, G. K. Savit-skii, P. P. Sokolov-Skalia, and N. G. Kotov have all worked on cycloramas.

REFERENCE

Petropavlovskii, V. Iskusstvo panoram i dioram. Kiev, 1965.

cyclorama

A curved backdrop at the rear of a theater stage, sometimes extending around to the proscenium arch in a U-shape; usually painted to simulate the sky.
References in periodicals archive ?
The 'Battle of Gettysburg' Cyclorama was never intended to stand on its own -- as a painting or as a snapshot of the battle's landmarks," said David L.
On January 8, 2004, the Tyler Hamilton Foundation will host a gala fundraiser at Cyclorama in Boston's South End.
This project includes conservation of the massive 360-degree Cyclorama painting -- the largest conservation effort of its kind in North America.
Simulator technology has improved since it was first used for impairment experiments, having progressed from rudimentary controls and a projected cyclorama (64) to full passenger cars, interactive screens with more complete fields of view, advanced driver monitoring via built-in cameras, realistic 3-dimensional audio output to enhance the simulated drive, and motion platforms that simulate physical driving sensations (10, 53, 55).
The famous 1884 cyclorama painting of the battle (which I'd seen in the '80s) recently underwent a multi-million-dollar restoration, and today, it's extraordinary.
Lighting La Vida Loca: As spectacular as Martin's performance was, he may have been upstaged by another performance from award-winning television lighting designer Bob Dickinson (nine Emmys, two Ace Awards) who brought the house down with his "wall of light" cyclorama.
And if it's a stage" the Inspector continued, picking up a large gold pocketwatch and pointing to its face, "if it's there in its entirety, the script all written, so to speak, a kind of cyclorama which seems to move only because we, like these hands here, move through it, then it should be possible, if we could just overcome our perceptual limitations, to visit any part of it, including the no-longer and the not-yet
They can determine the amount of lumber required to construct a cyclorama and cove curved horizontally and vertically so that light refracts rather than reflects.
While Nicholas's house, where all of the action of the play takes place, was surrounded by a field of bright yellow daffodils, the cyclorama showed a series of images culminating in a final scene in which a 'fox takes a lamb from its mother and rends it'.
A deep interest in the Civil War began when Elwell was 11 years old and traveled to Atlanta alone because he wanted to see Cyclorama (www.
The conventional theatre setting-a darkened auditorium, a cyclorama, the imaginary fourth wall provided by a proscenium arch and stage floodlights-contributes to the suspension of disbelief.