Cyclothymia


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Related to Cyclothymia: dysthymia

cyclothymia

[‚sī·klō′thī·mē·ə]
(psychology)
A disposition marked by alterations of mood between elation and depression out of proportion to apparent external events and stimulated, rather, by internal factors.

Cyclothymia

 

the term used in Soviet psychiatry to designate a mild form of manic-depressive psychosis. In other countries the same term is used in psychiatry to designate a variation from the psychic norm—namely, a predisposition to manic-depressive psychosis. The term “cyclothymic constitution” refers to one of the Kretschmer personality types (after the German psychiatrist E. Kretschmer, 1888–1964). As used by the German psychiatrist K. Schneider (1887–1967), the term “cyclothymia” may also refer to all manic-depressive states, ranging from slight fluctuations in mood to pronounced psychotic manifestations.

References in periodicals archive ?
The depressive phase of cyclothymia symptoms include fatigue, sadness, anxiety, guilt, sleep problems, loss of interests, social withdrawal, irritability and chronic pain with a clear cause.
Yet it wasn't until three years ago that Solomon, now 42, learned there is a word for the mood swings that have affected him since his youth: cyclothymia.
Those with bipolar II and cyclothymia may have hypomanic episodes lasting only 1-3 days, which defies conservative DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.
Those with bipolar 11 and cyclothymia may have hypomanic episodes lasting only 1-3 days, which defies conservative DSM-IV diagnostic criteria.
Schaffer treated 28 patients with treatment-resistant bipolar I disorder, bipolar II disorder, and cyclothymia with adjunctive gabapentin (to antidepressants, antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, or other anticonvulsants).
Surgeon General's Report on Mental Health, major depression is the predominant of four disorders commonly grouped together as affective or mood disorders: major depressive disorder, bipolar disorder, dysthymia, and cyclothymia (USDHHS, 1999).
For example, Jamison (1993) identified a number of historical figures who were believed to suffer from cyclothymia, depression, or bipolar disorder, including poets, such as Blake, Lord Byron, and Shelley; writers, such as Clemens, Greene, and Stevenson; composers, such as Berlioz, Handel, and Rossini; and artists, such as Gauguin, Gericault, and Pollock.
If we found more than 50% of the total available class meetings identified with corresponding DSM headings (such as "DSM-IV Introduction," "Psychotic Disorders: Schizophrenia," or "Mood Disorders: Mania, Bipolar Disorder, and Cyclothymia," in Case 4), we judged the syllabus to be organized and structured by the DSM.
Cyclothymia is a disorder in the bipolar spectrum that is characterized by frequent low-level mood fluctuations that range from hypomania to low-level depression, with symptoms existing for at least 2 years (American Psychiatric Association [APA] 1994).
For example, cyclothymia and bipolar I disor der have demonstrated similar rates of family psychopathology, lithium response, and type of symptoms (Akiskal et al.
Virginia's father, Sir Leslie Stephen, and her brother Adrian both had a mild form of manic-depression bearing the clinical name of cyclothymia, while her other full siblings, Thoby and Vanessa, underwent periodic episodes of depression; one of their first cousins was a manic-depressive, and their half-sister Laura Stephen was either retarded or disturbed in some unidentified way--possibly she was autistic--and spent her life in an asylum.
Daily, a retired psychiatrist, does offer one new insight into Woolf's condition: that her manic depression was complicated by cyclothymia, a condition in which the sufferer's mood shifts are affected by seasonal changes.