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see particle acceleratorparticle accelerator,
apparatus used in nuclear physics to produce beams of energetic charged particles and to direct them against various targets. Such machines, popularly called atom smashers, are needed to observe objects as small as the atomic nucleus in studies of its
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a resonance particle accelerator in which the magnetic guide field and the frequency of the accelerating electric field are constant in time. The particles, which may be protons or heavier ions, move in an uncoiled spiral. The highest possible energy of protons accelerated in a cyclotron is about 20 million electron volts and may reach 1 billion electron volts in an isochronous cyclotron. (SeeACCELERATOR, PARTICLE.)


An accelerator in which charged particles are successively accelerated by a constant-frequency alternating electric field that is synchronized with movement of the particles on spiral paths in a constant magnetic field normal to their path. Also known as phasotron.


a type of particle accelerator in which the particles spiral inside two D-shaped hollow metal electrodes placed facing each other under the effect of a strong vertical magnetic field, gaining energy by a high-frequency voltage applied between these electrodes
References in periodicals archive ?
As NSCL senior physicist, Reginald Ronningen explains, "The vaults enclosing the cyclotron and experimental areas exclude personnel and greatly reduce the level of radiation outside the vaults.
The 70 MeV Cyclotron is expected to be operational in the fall of 2016 and will help to stabilize the domestic supply of medical isotopes needed to diagnose and treat critical illnesses.
The high current features of the cyclotrons (400-1000 micro-amperes) together with the low radioactivation of the cyclotron systems allow a broad range of commercial radioisotope production processes even on the B14p cyclotron.
June 14, 2011 /PRNewswire/ -- Cardinal Health today opened its first cyclotron facility in the state of Georgia, further expanding its nationwide capability to manufacture molecular imaging biomarkers that aid in the early diagnosis, monitoring and treatment of cancer, neurological disorders and heart disease.
he figured out how to use his university's cyclotron accelerator to generate some of the radionuclides needed.
GE's cyclotrons have gained a reputation worldwide of being the most reliable, most flexible and easily upgradeable, from a company recognized as a partner by its customers.
With two separate cyclotrons, one of which is being remodeled to serve as an isotope factory in the near future, Texas A&M's Cyclotron Institute is poised to even further expand its reputation as one of the United States' leading scientific research establishments.
OTTAWA, Ontario -- Best Theratronics Ltd [BTL] plans to address the worldwide medical isotope shortage by manufacturing a range of cyclotrons for the production of diagnostic and therapeutic medical isotopes.
By locating cyclotrons near its nuclear pharmacy sites, Cardinal Health can quickly distribute FDG to a greater number of hospitals, clinics and research facilities using its comprehensive fleet and logistics capabilities.