Cydonia


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Cydonia,

Crete: see KhaniáKhaniá
or Canea
, ancient Gr. Cydonia , city (1991 pop. 50,077), capital of Khaniá prefecture, NW Crete, Greece, a port on the Gulf of Khaniá, an arm of the Sea of Crete. Olives, citrus fruits, and wine are shipped.
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Cydonia

 

a genus of plants of the family Rosaceae, subfamily Pomoideae. It is represented by one species, the common quince(Cydonia oblonga).

Quince grows on a small tree or shrub, 1.5–5 m tall, with simple, smooth-edged leaves and single white or pink flowers. The fruit is yellow, the pulp astringent with stone cells. Wild quince is common in the Caucasus, Middle Asia, and Iran. It is cultivated in the Mediterranean area, western Central Europe, North America, Japan, and elsewhere. In the USSR quince is grown in Central Asia, Transcaucasia, Moldavia, the Lower Volga region, the Ukraine, and the southern RSFSR.

The fruit contains 7.22–15.06 percent sugars, 0.24–1.26 percent organic acids, and 0.18–0.98 percent pectin. It is used to make jam, compote, jelly, candied peels, and marmalade. Quince is used as stock for pears. The best varieties of quince in the USSR are Samarkandskaia krupnoplodnaia, Khorezmskaia iablokovidnaia, Anzherskaia, and Maslianaia ranniaia. Quince grows in dwarf forms (1–2 m) with small fruit (30–40 g) and tall-growing forms (8–10 m) with large fruit (2–2.5 kg). Quince is propagated by slips and cuttings and by grafting and is cultivated in the same manner as other fruit trees. It is injured by such pests as the apple aphid and the apple worm and is subject to attack by rust and black rot.

REFERENCES

Deviatov, A. S. Aiva, 2nd ed. Stalingrad, 1960.
Gorin, T. I. Aiva, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1961.

T. I. GORIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Last year, Cydonia Investments partnered with the Canadian firm Corinex Global to carry out a six-month study of the Cuban telecommunications system, with a focus on wireless technology.
The quince fruits were homogenized and extracted with water by aid of an ultrasonic bath for 10 min with occasional swirling of the solution to obtain aqueous Cydonia oblonga extract.
On Apr 20 it faded, and on Apr 21 it had diffused east, breaking through Mare Acidalium into Cydonia, still visible only in red light.
And the poll - for Total Guitar magazine - also placed the group, whose guitarist Matt Bellamy created the memorable lines, at number five with Knights Of Cydonia.
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Knights Of Cydonia is 21st Century Shadows; United States Of Eurasia an unashamed Queen clone; Guiding Light bizarrely borrowing from Cliff Richard's The Young Ones.
Matt wrote Knights Of Cydonia - a track on Muse's 2006 album,Black Holes And Revelations - which was inspired by the Joe Meek "wall of sound".
The initial list of face-melting awesomeness includes: * Paint It Black (by The Rolling Stones) * Cherub Rock (by Smashing Pumpkins) * Sabotage (by Beastie Boys) * The Metal (by Tenacious D) * My Name is Jonas (by Weezer) * Knights of Cydonia (by Muse) * Rock And Roll All Nite (as made famous by Kiss) * School's Out (as made famous by Alice Cooper) * Slow Ride (as made famous by Fog Hat) * Cult of Personality (by Living Colour) * Barracuda (as made famous by Heart)
It is the band's fourth album and its launch has been helped by singles Supermassive Black Hole, Starlight and the latest, the epic Knights of Cydonia.
It's one of many surrounding the Red Planet's Cydonia region, which could be home to a bunch of rocks or, as some UFO believers say, the sign of life forms intelligent enough to build the head-shaped monument.
Taking a year out to travel the world, she stayed in Australia where she worked for the hugely successful and renowned Cydonia Glass Studio in Sydney creating large-scale glass interior installations.