Cynanchum


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Cynanchum

 

a genus of woody lianas of the family Asclepiadaceae. The leaves are opposite. The flowers are pentamerous and in axillary or apical umbellate inflorescences. The corolla is rotate. Growths of anther filaments form a double crown that encloses the corolla opening. The fruit is composed of one or, less commonly, two follicles; the seeds are tufted.

There are approximately five species (according to other data, 150), distributed in temperate, tropical, and subtropical belts. Four species occur in the USSR. The most well-known species is C. acutum, which is found in the southern European USSR, in the Caucasus, in the Altai, and in Middle Asia (Lake Zaisan). The plant grows on seacoasts, along lakes and rivers, and on slopes. Rubber is contained in the leaves and stems, but it has no practical significance. Some species are poisonous. Plants of the genus Vinatoxicum are frequently included in the genus Cynanchum.

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The dried roots of Cynanchum atratum Bunge (Asclepiadaceae), commonly termed "Bai Wei" in Chinese, are rich in C-21 steroidal glycosides (Zhao et al.
humilis -- 2 V Capparis flexuosa -- 1 to 2 V Malpighia suberosa -- 1 V Tabebuia myrtifolia -- 1 III Pictetia mucronata -- 1 III Senna atomaria -- 1 III Herbaceous layer Croton lucidus -- 2 V Malpighia apiculata -- 1 IV Harrisia eriophora -- 1 III Turnera ulmifolia -- 1 III Erythro xylum havanense -- 1 III Petiveria alliacea -- 1 III Lianas Stigmaphyllon sagreanum -- 1 V Commicarpus scandens -- 1 IV Cynanchum sp.
ii) Total antioxidant capacity (19) Essential oils of Total antioxidant capacity Cynanchum chinense and Ligustrum compactum (20) Caspicum annum L.
ACANTHACEAE: Aphelandra runcinata (202, Ab, S); Blechum pyramidatum (201, Ab, N); ACTINIDIACEAE: Saurauia ursina (203, Ab, S); AMARYLLIDACEAE: Bomarea bredemeyerana (403, Eh, N); Bomarea diffracta (402, Eh, N); Bomarea patinii (404, Eh, S); ANACARDIACEAE: Mauria heterophylla (205, Ar, S); Mauria sp (204, Ab, Na); APOCYNACEAE: Blepharodon grandiflorum (218, Eh, N); Cynanchum sp1 (216, Eh, Na); Cynanchum sp2 (217, Eh, Na); AQUIFOLIACEAE: Ilex danielis (206, Ab, S); Ilex laurina (207, Ar, S); Ilex nervosa (208, Ar, S); ARACEAE: Anthurium caucanum (396, Ht, S); Anthurium cupreum (395, Ht, S); Anthurium longegeniculatum (399, Ht, S); Anthurium microspadix (397, Ht, S); Anthurium nigrescens (394, Ep, S); Anthurium scandens (400, Ht, S); Anthurium sec.
Oil spill pollution treatment by sorption on natural Cynanchum acutum L.
Studies on chemical constituents in root tuber of Cynanchum auriculatum.
Polianthes maculosa, Zephyranthesa renicola, Ruellia corzoi, Ruelli apedunculata, Coldemia greggii, Heliotropium angiospermum, Cynanchum barbigerum, Palafoxia texana and Dyssodia spp were the preferred non arbustive species during the year.
Patrones de distribucion de las especies de Cynanchum, Diplolepis y Tweedia (Apocynaceae: Asclepiadoidaeae) de America del Sur austral.
Wolff (2) Apocynaceae Cynanchum samuelssonii Malme (1) Apocynaceae Jobinia glossostelma (Lillo ex T.
Three extracts were eventually pinpointed for their combined beneficial effects on both menopause and female sexual dysfunction: Phlomis umbrosa, Cynanchum wilfordii, and Angelica gigas Nakai (Korean Angelica).
procera (Aiton); Gomphocarpus physocarpus Ernst Meyer (SWEZEY, 1910, 1944; ZIMMERMAN, 1948; ETCHEGARAY & NISHIDA, 1975); Cynanchum laeve (OBERHAUSER, 1997); Cynanchum acutum L.
Evans, ex Cryptostegia madagascariensis; Evers (1968) listed this species from Asclepias curassavica, Cynanchum rensonii, Funastrum clausum, and Priva lappulacea.