Cynanchum


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Cynanchum

 

a genus of woody lianas of the family Asclepiadaceae. The leaves are opposite. The flowers are pentamerous and in axillary or apical umbellate inflorescences. The corolla is rotate. Growths of anther filaments form a double crown that encloses the corolla opening. The fruit is composed of one or, less commonly, two follicles; the seeds are tufted.

There are approximately five species (according to other data, 150), distributed in temperate, tropical, and subtropical belts. Four species occur in the USSR. The most well-known species is C. acutum, which is found in the southern European USSR, in the Caucasus, in the Altai, and in Middle Asia (Lake Zaisan). The plant grows on seacoasts, along lakes and rivers, and on slopes. Rubber is contained in the leaves and stems, but it has no practical significance. Some species are poisonous. Plants of the genus Vinatoxicum are frequently included in the genus Cynanchum.

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They encompass a diverse group of more than 200 structures with restricted occurrence in certain higher plant taxa belonging to species Aristolochia, Argemone, Ceratocapnos, Chelidonium, Corydalis, Cynanchum, Dicentra, Fumaria, Papaver, Pergularia, Platycapnos, Rupicapnos, Sarcocapnos, Sanguinera, and Tylophora (Sato 2013; Nakagawa, et al.
EstroG-100 [TM] is a special blend of hot-water extracts of three different plants--Phlomis umbrosa, Cynanchum wilfordii, and Angelica gigas Nakai (Korean Angelica).
Notes: Correll and Correl (1982) treated this species as Cynanchum stipitatum Correll.
Novel Ingredient Services, West Caldwell, NJ, offers EstroG-100, a blend of Cynanchum wilfordii (cinnamic acid), Phlomis umbrosa (shanzhiside methyl ester), and Angelica gigas nakai (nodakenin).
The root of Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight (Asclepiadacea) is a famous traditional tonic in the Oriental System of Medicine and has been used for nourishing the blood and prolonging life.
Comparative study of the effects of various culture conditions on cell growth and gagaminine synthesis in suspension culture of Cynanchum wilfordii.
Antitumor activity of C-21 steroidal glycosides from Cynanchum auriculatum Royle ex Wight.
X Cynanchum barbigerum X X Cynodon dactylon X Cyperus articulatus X X X Desmanthus virgatus X Dichanthium annulatum X Dichanthium aristatum X Dichanthium sericeum X Distichlis spicata X X X X Echinocereus sp.
This clinical research study was designed to evaluate the efficacy of a new herbal product, EstroG-100, containing a mixture of standardized extracts of Cynanchum wilfordii, Phlomis umbrosa and Angelica gigas, on menopausal symptoms.
Cupressaceae] Siphonatrophia cupressi Cynanchum rensonii (Pittier) Woodson [Asclepiadaceae] Aphis spiraecola Aphis nerii Cyperus rotundus L.
The first process is the fusion between Cs and Ci, leading for example to the cup-shaped coronas [C(is)] in Cynanchum.
The plants found typically only at Scott Pond include Cynanchum laeve, Cyperus esculentus var.