Cynicism


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.

Cynicism

 

a nihilistic attitude toward the general culture, especially toward morality and the idea of human dignity and sometimes toward the official dogma of the prevailing ideology; it is expressed in the form of mockery.

Cynicism in behavior and beliefs is characteristic of people striving to achieve their egoistic goals by any means. On the social plane the phenomena of cynicism originate from two sources. First, there is the “cynicism of force,” which is practiced by the exploitative ruling groups who realize their power and self-seeking goals by openly immoral methods, including fascism and the cult of violence. Second, there are the rebellious moods and actions (for example, vandalism) of various social strata, groups, and individuals who are experiencing the oppression of injustice and inequality and the ideological and moral hypocrisy of the exploitative class, but who see no way out of their situation and thus find themselves in a state of total spiritual bankruptcy. Communist morality opposes cynicism in all of its manifestations.

Cynicism

See also Pessimism.
Antisthenes
(444–371 B. C.) Greek philosopher and founder of Cynic school. [Gk. Hist.: NCE, 121]
Apemantus
churlish, sarcastic advisor of Timon. [Br. Lit.: Timon of Athens]
Backbite, Sir Benjamin
sarcastic would-be poet and wit. [Br. Lit.: School for Scandal]
Bierce, Ambrose
(1842–1914) acerbic journalist for San Francisco Examiner; nicknamed “Bitter Bierce.” [Am. Lit.: Hart, 77]
Diogenes
(412–323 B.C.) frustratedly looked everywhere for an honest man. [Gk. Hist.: Avery, 395]
Ferdinand
rogue drifter views all his experiences with profound cynicism. [Fr. Lit.: Journey to the End of the Night in Magill I, 453]
Lescaut
assured Geronte sister will succumb to his money. [Ital. Opera: Puccini, Manon Lescaut, Westerman, 346]
Pandarus
jaded about good graces of women. [Br. Lit.: Troilus and Cressida]
References in periodicals archive ?
Hypothesis 4a: An individual's level of self-direction value will mediate the effect of culture in the relationship between social cynicism and transference of attachment style from mother to romantic partner.
So cynicism can productively guide critical thinking about social relations under late neoliberal capital, in terms of power and ethics, in terms of knowledge and interpretation.
Higher scores on Exhaustion and Cynicism and lower scores on Professional Efficacy are indicative of greater levels of burnout.
Kaifi (2013) affirms that cynicism provides interpretation for many organizational phenomena like organizational psychological withdrawals, employee mental departure from work duties by day dreaming or cyber-loafing, organizational physical withdrawal, and employee's physical departure from his workplace by absenteeism or late arrival to work.
In this sense, this research provides a new study that analyzes the influence of teacher's interpersonal relationships with students, coworkers, and superiors have in emotional exhaustion, cynicism and inefficacy of teachers.
Job burnout is represented by Emotional Exhaustion, Cynicism and reduced Professional Efficacy.
First, although a great deal of research has linked cynicism to various antecedents (see Chiaburu et al, 2013), scholars have devoted little attention to the effect of politics perceptions on cynicism.
Cynicism, a critical but understudied aspect of burnout, is conceptualized as a reaction to prolonged emotional exhaustion.
Cynicism has been defined as "an attitude of contemptuous distrust of human nature and motives" (Graves, 1996).
This cynicism, some have argued, has lowered political participation and led to increased political conservatism (Scope 2003).
A Cynical individuals who believe that other people are mainly motivated by selfish concerns have been shown to be more susceptible to heart disease and inflammation, and the first study to assess the association between cynicism and dementia suggests that they may have a higher risk of developing dementia in older age, as well.