Cynipoidea


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Cynipoidea

[‚sin·ə′pȯid·ē·ə]
(invertebrate zoology)
A superfamily of hymenopteran insects in the suborder Apocrita.

Cynipoidea

 

a superfamily of hymenopterous insects that usually develop in plant tissues and cause the formation of galls. Occasionally, the Cynipoidea parasitize larvae of other insects that live in plant tissues. The body is black and measures 1–5 mm long; the wings contain few veins. The larvae are legless, C-shaped, and white. The galls formed by the insects have a shape and structure that is characteristic of each species of Cynipoidea; they are especially varied on oak trees and Rosaceae. There are about 1,900 species of Cynipoidea, mostly distributed in the northern hemisphere.

The summer offspring of Cynipoidea are bisexual and the spring offspring, parthenogenic. The structure of galls formed by bisexual and parthenogenic generations differs. The Cynipoidea that parasitize the larvae of such insects as the cabbage, turnip, and onion maggots are beneficial in that they destroy agricultural pests.

References in periodicals archive ?
In the Afrotropical region, the superfamily Cynipoidea is represented by 306 described species and 54 genera, but there are hundreds more species yet to be described, adds Buffington, who coauthored a paper describing the monograph in the April 2015 issue of the journal ZooKeys.
Systematics of Australian Thrasorinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae) with descriptions of Mikeiinae, new subfamily, two new genera, and three new species.
A comparative study of the structures of phylogenetic importance of female genitalia of the Cynipoidea (Hymenoptera).
Phylogeny of the parasitic wasp subfamily Charipinae (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae).
Coiba, Panama) (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae, Eucoilinae).
Although ibaliids are not very closely related to cynipids, the unresolved status of higher-level relationships in the Cynipoidea makes it difficult to find a better outgroup at present (cf.
Se da continuidad al analisis iniciado recientemente para el estudio de la superfamilia Cynipoidea (Diaz et al.
Descripcion de ocho especies sudamericanas del genero Neralsia Cameron 1883, con carena escutelar alta (Hymenoptera, Cynipoidea, Figitidae).
En el orden Hymenoptera dentro de Apocrita, se encuentran avispas parasitoides pequenas (microhimenopteros) conocidas como Proctotrupomorpha (Proctotrupoidea, Cynipoidea, Chale ido idea, Mymarommatoidea, Serphitoidea (I), Platygastroidea y Ceraphronoidea) (Grimaldi & Engel 2005) .
A new species of Apocharips from Costa Rica (Hymenoptera: Cynipoidea, Charipidae).