Cynodon


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Related to Cynodon: Cynodon dactylon

Cynodon

 

a genus of perennial grasses of the family Gramineae. There is a long, spreading rootstock and procumbent and ascending aboveground shoots. The stems are leafy, and the inflorescence consists of three to eight digitately arranged spicate branchlets. The small spikelets bear one or two flowers and form two approximate rows on the branchlets.

There are about ten species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones. The USSR has one species, Bermuda grass (C. dactylon), which is native to tropical Africa. Bermuda grass is found in the southern part of the European USSR, the Caucasus, the southern part of Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. It grows on grassy slopes, in meadows, on river flood-plains, in wastelands, and along roads. It is a weed in fields and orchards. Bermuda grass is a valuable pasture plant. Readily eaten by agricultural animals, it grows rapidly after grazing and withstands trampling well. It is one of the best lawn plants and serves as good ground cover at airports and on athletics fields. The plant can be used to control soil erosion. In regions of irrigated agriculture, Bermuda grass is a pernicious weed. Control measures include plowing or raking up the rootstocks, after which the roots dry out and freeze. Also effective is the application of herbicides to the soil before plowing.

REFERENCES

Kott, S. A. Sornye rasteniia i bor’ba s nimi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Beliuchenko, I. S. Zlakovye kormovye rasteniia tropicheskogo poiasa. Moscow, 1969.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Nutrient intake (concentrate+pasture) and whole diet (concentrate+pasture) total tract apparent digestibility (TTAD) of Holstein cows grazing on Cynodon pasture and supplemented with pelleted or non-pelleted concentrate containing canola seed and with or without monensin addition Items Non-pelleted Pelleted (1) CG CGM CGP CMP Intake (kg/d) DM 13.
Maximum rates are observed at between 150 and 200 mM NaCl (8-13 dSm-1) in moderately tolerant Chloridoid species, such as Cynodon, Ch.
2007) stated that Chenopodium album, Cynodon dactylon and Agropyron repense are species which release chemical substances in alfalfa fields.
The area is characterized by the presence of large patches of exotic grasses (mainly Zoysia japonica and Cynodon dactylon).
2001), avaliando cultivares do genero Cynodon com e sem nitrogenio, encontraram diferencas na producao de materia verde total, no periodo de inverno.
propinqua is the vector of Cynodon chlorotic streak virus of its host, bermudagrass (Cynodon daetylon (L.
This is important, especially because the hyper accumulation potentials of some of these species such as Eleusine indica and Cynodon dactylon for other metals are already reported (Wong and Lau, 1985; Anoliefo et al.
12 species: Centella asiatica, Convolvulus pluricaulis, Celastrus paniculatus, Eclipta alba, Cynodon dactylon, Asparagus racemosus, Withania somnifera, Nardostachys jatamansi, Acorus calamus, Zingiber officinalis, Vetiveria zizanoides.
From May to August 2009, Phase 2 microplot experiments conducted at the LSU AgCenter included the application of a new and improved Oraphyte(TM) formula to six nematode genera that were added to the soil of Agrostis stolonifera (Penn G2 Bentgrass) and Cynodon (Bermudagrass).
Evidence based critical evaluation of glycemic potential of Cynodon dactylon.
The species of the adjacent ridges are not found due to the poor drainage conditions, instead, hygrophilous species like Puccinellia glaucescens, Scirpus californicus, Cynodon dactylon and others are frequent in these areas.
Grasses: Chrysopogon monatus, Chrysopogon aucheri, Themeda anathera, Bothriothloa pertusa, Aristida mutabilis, Cenchrus ciliaris, Digitaria nodos, Desmostachya bipinnata, Imperarta cylindrical, Eleusine compressa, Cynodon dactylon, Panicum antidorale, Pennisetum orientate, Polvpogon monspeliensis, Cymobopogon jawarancusa, Eulatiopsis binata Desert Trees/Shrubs: Araria jacquemontii, Aracia rangelands nilotica, Acacia Senegal, Calligonum polygonoides, Euphorbia cadurifolia.