Cynodon


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Related to Cynodon: Cynodon dactylon

Cynodon

 

a genus of perennial grasses of the family Gramineae. There is a long, spreading rootstock and procumbent and ascending aboveground shoots. The stems are leafy, and the inflorescence consists of three to eight digitately arranged spicate branchlets. The small spikelets bear one or two flowers and form two approximate rows on the branchlets.

There are about ten species, distributed in tropical, subtropical, and temperate zones. The USSR has one species, Bermuda grass (C. dactylon), which is native to tropical Africa. Bermuda grass is found in the southern part of the European USSR, the Caucasus, the southern part of Western Siberia, and Middle Asia. It grows on grassy slopes, in meadows, on river flood-plains, in wastelands, and along roads. It is a weed in fields and orchards. Bermuda grass is a valuable pasture plant. Readily eaten by agricultural animals, it grows rapidly after grazing and withstands trampling well. It is one of the best lawn plants and serves as good ground cover at airports and on athletics fields. The plant can be used to control soil erosion. In regions of irrigated agriculture, Bermuda grass is a pernicious weed. Control measures include plowing or raking up the rootstocks, after which the roots dry out and freeze. Also effective is the application of herbicides to the soil before plowing.

REFERENCES

Kott, S. A. Sornye rasteniia i bor’ba s nimi, 3rd ed. Moscow, 1961.
Beliuchenko, I. S. Zlakovye kormovye rasteniia tropicheskogo poiasa. Moscow, 1969.

T. V. EGOROVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Chloris gayana and Cynodon dactylon species showed a significant growth in the year of establishment, however, they could not continue this growth within the next your probably because of low winter temperatures.
Composicao quimica e cinetica da degradacao ruminal de gramineas do genero Cynodon em diferentes idades ao corte.
Since, sporobolas and cynodon plants followed C4 photosynthetic pathway, so their photosynthetic efficiency limits were 4.
Recuperacao de materia seca e composicao quimica de silagens de gramineas do genero Cynodon submetidas a periodos de pre-emurchecimento.
The ultrastructure of the salt glands of Cynodon and Distichlis (Poaccac).
Preliminary phytochemical study and antimicrobial activity from various extract of cynodon dactylon (L.
Physicochemical and phytochemical investigation of whole plant of cynodon dactylon.
At least 20 species showed frequency around 90%, of which 3 species Ageratum conyzoides, Eichhornia crassipes, and Lantana Camara manifested frequency 99%, while distributions of Cynodon dactylon, Mikania indica, Parthenium hysterophorus, Crotalaria pallida and Cassia alata were >90%.
Mycropropagacion the Cynodon dactylon from leaf and nodal segments.
Convolvulus arvensis, Polygonum plebejum, Cenchrus setigerus, Phalaris minor, Coronopus didymus, Euphorbia prostrata, Cynodon dactylon, Rumex dentatus, Euphorbia spp.
In terms of abundance Cynodon dactylon topped the rank (20.