Cynomys


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Related to Cynomys: Cynomys gunnisoni

Cynomys

 

a genus of rodents comprising the prairie dogs; belongs to the family Sciuridae. Resembling the yellow suslik (Citellus fulvus) in appearance, the Cynomys have a body length of up to 40 cm and a tail length of 7 cm. The coloration is buff. There are five species, which are distributed on the plains and prairies, as well as on mountain plains (up to 3,200 m above sea level), of central and southern North America. They live in large colonies. The animals utter peculiar barklike sounds (hence the name “prairie dog”). The Cynomys are much less active in the winter and may hibernate. They feed on the aboveground parts of plants. There is one litter of up to ten offspring annually. The Cynomys are preyed upon by other animals. They are natural carriers of the causative agents of the bubonic plague.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Conata Basin is a portion of the Buffalo Gap National Grassland in southwestern South Dakota, which has extensive black-tailed prairie dog Cynomys ludovicianus colonies (approximately 11,803 ha; Fig.
2007: Risk-disturbance overrides density dependence in a hunted colonial rodent, the black tailed prairie dog Cynomys ludovicianus.
Species key: MMu, Mus musculus (house mouse); RN, Rattus norvegicus (brown or Norway rat); AS, Apodemus sylvaticus (wood mouse); MG, Myodes glarelous (bank vole); MA, Microtus agrestis (field vole); MMi, Micromys minutis (harvest mouse); CL, Cynomys ludovicianus (back-tailed prairie dog); SV, Sciurus vulgaris (red squirrel); SC, Sciurus carolensis (gray squirrel); NA, not available.
The warmdry adated forms at Fowlikes Cave included Notiosorex crawfordi (desert shrew), Myotis velifer (cave myotis, a bat), Sylvilagus audubonii, Lepus californicus, Spermophilus spilosoma (spotted ground squirrel), Cynomys ludovicianus, Cratogeomys castanops (yellow-faced pocket gopher), Peromyscus eremicus (cactus mouse), Onychomys leucogaster, O.
Sites Moore Waco Mammoth Laubach Friesenhahn Species Pit Site Cave Cave Sorex cinereus Masked shrew Blarina brevicauda x Short-tailed shrew Cynomys ludovicianus x + Black-tailed prairie dog Geomys bursarius + + + Plains pocket gopher Thomomys bottae Botta's pocket gopher Peromyscus nasutus x Rock mouse Baiomys taylori Northern pygmy mouse Onychomys leucogaster Short-tailed grasshopper mouse Microtus ochrogaster Prairie vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Meadow vole Microtus sp.
A multi-state conservation plan for the black-tailed prairie dog, Cynomys ludovicianus, in the United States--an addendum to the black-tailed prairie dog conservation assessment and strategy, November 3, 1999.
The effect of colony size on individual alertness of prairie dogs (Sciuridae: Cynomys spp.
Remains of prairie dogs from the Pleistocene can be difficult to assign to species, but sometimes specimens can be separated more easily into two subgenera, Cynomys (Cynomys black-tailed prairie dogs) and Cynomys (Leucocrossuromys white-tailed prairie dogs), according to Semken (1966), Dalquest (1988), and Goodwin (1993a, 1993b, 1995a, 1995b).
In the dentary from the rockshelter, toothwear again interferes, but it appears the m3 has a strong rather than a weak anterior deflection of the hypoconid as in subgenus Leucocrossuromys and a weak mesolophid as in subgenus Cynomys.
For example, we did not detect the eastern spotted skunk Spilogale putorius, long-tailed weasel Mustela frenata, blacktailed prairie dog Cynomys ludovicianus, or swamp rabbit Sylvilagus aquaticus.
Wind-induced ventilation of the burrow of the prairie-dog, Cynomys ludovicianus.
Also found at the same time in the Quartz Mountain Canal was a complete right humerus of a prairie dog, Cynomys species indeterminate (OMNH 73933).