Cynomys


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Cynomys: Cynomys gunnisoni

Cynomys

 

a genus of rodents comprising the prairie dogs; belongs to the family Sciuridae. Resembling the yellow suslik (Citellus fulvus) in appearance, the Cynomys have a body length of up to 40 cm and a tail length of 7 cm. The coloration is buff. There are five species, which are distributed on the plains and prairies, as well as on mountain plains (up to 3,200 m above sea level), of central and southern North America. They live in large colonies. The animals utter peculiar barklike sounds (hence the name “prairie dog”). The Cynomys are much less active in the winter and may hibernate. They feed on the aboveground parts of plants. There is one litter of up to ten offspring annually. The Cynomys are preyed upon by other animals. They are natural carriers of the causative agents of the bubonic plague.

References in periodicals archive ?
The warmdry adated forms at Fowlikes Cave included Notiosorex crawfordi (desert shrew), Myotis velifer (cave myotis, a bat), Sylvilagus audubonii, Lepus californicus, Spermophilus spilosoma (spotted ground squirrel), Cynomys ludovicianus, Cratogeomys castanops (yellow-faced pocket gopher), Peromyscus eremicus (cactus mouse), Onychomys leucogaster, O.
Sites Moore Waco Mammoth Laubach Friesenhahn Species Pit Site Cave Cave Sorex cinereus Masked shrew Blarina brevicauda x Short-tailed shrew Cynomys ludovicianus x + Black-tailed prairie dog Geomys bursarius + + + Plains pocket gopher Thomomys bottae Botta's pocket gopher Peromyscus nasutus x Rock mouse Baiomys taylori Northern pygmy mouse Onychomys leucogaster Short-tailed grasshopper mouse Microtus ochrogaster Prairie vole Microtus pennsylvanicus Meadow vole Microtus sp.
In the dentary from the rockshelter, toothwear again interferes, but it appears the m3 has a strong rather than a weak anterior deflection of the hypoconid as in subgenus Leucocrossuromys and a weak mesolophid as in subgenus Cynomys.
DISCUSSION--As is common in paleontological studies, the inadequacy or incompleteness of specimens together with unknown interspecific and intraspecific morphological variability of fossil taxa precludes specific identification of specimens of several genera from the rockshelter in Cimarron County (Mammuthus, Lepus, Sylvilagus, Neotoma, Cynomys, Equus, and Bison).
It preserves one extinct form (Bison antiquus occidentalis) and five extant forms (Lepus californicus, Cynomys ludovicianus, Spermophilus, Thomomys bottae, and Odocoileus hemionus; Morgan and Lucas, 2005).
Patterns of dental variation and evolution in prairie dogs, genus Cynomys.
A multi-state conservation plan for the black-tailed prairie dog, Cynomys ludovicianus, in the United States--an addendum to the black-tailed prairie dog conservation assessment and strategy, November 3, 1999.
Also found at the same time in the Quartz Mountain Canal was a complete right humerus of a prairie dog, Cynomys species indeterminate (OMNH 73933).