Cyprinidae


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Related to Cyprinidae: Gasterosteidae, Catostomidae, Salmonidae, Percidae

Cyprinidae

[sī′prin·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The largest family of fishes, including minnows and carps in the order Cypriniformes.

Cyprinidae

 

a family of fishes of the order Cypriniformes. The body is scaleless or covered with cycloid scales. There are approximately 200 genera and more than 1,000 species. In the USSR there are more than 50 genera. Cyprinids are freshwater migratory fishes; they are found throughout the world, except for South America, Australia, and Madagascar. They are the most abundant fauna in the USSR, Southern Asia, and tropical Africa. In the USSR, cyprinids are found in the Amur River and in the basins of the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. They dwell in cold rapid waters and also in very warm waters that are poorly oxygenated. Their eggs are usually deposited on vegetation. Some species lay eggs on sand and rocks; others simply deposit them in deep water. The Amur false gudgeon (Pseudogobio rivularis) and the Chinese chebachok (Pseudorasbora parva) guard their eggs.

Many cyprinids have commercial importance, such as the North Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus), the European bream (Abramis brama), and the carp (Cyprinus carpio). Some species, including the carp and the crucian carp (Carassius carassius) are raised and bred in ponds. The domesticated carp, grasscarp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), black carp (Mylopharyngo-don piceus), bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis), and the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) have been adapted to waters in the European USSR, Middle Asia, Rumania, Poland, Cuba, and the German Democratic Republic.

A. A. SVETOVIDOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
The importance of understanding basic length-weight, age and growth, and condition factors of members of the family Cyprinidae is critical for determining the trophic structure of a dynamic system such as Lake Erie.
In summary, this study provides some noteworthy geographic distribution records for 17 taxa of Arkansas fishes within seven families (Atherinopsidae, Catostomidae, Cyprinidae, Fundulidae, Lepisosteidae, Percidae, Petromyzontidae) from 15 counties of the state.
In: The Freshwater Fishes of Europe, Cyprinidae 2, Part III: Carassius to Cyprinus (Ed.
1995 Four New Species of Fishes from the Middle Kapuas Basin, Indonesian Borneo (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae and Belontiidae).
Common name Latin name NISP Pike Esox lucius 32 Cyprinids Cyprinidae 269 Roach Rutilus rutilus 10 Roach/rudd Rutilus rutiluslScardinius erythrophthalmus 6 Rudd Scardinius erythrophthalmus 3 Ide Leuciscus idus 5 Asp Aspius aspius 1 Tench Tinea tinea 22 Bream Abramis brama 51 Sichel Pelecus cultratus 1 Crucian carp Carassius carassius 4 Carp Cyprinus carpio f.
lucius, Northern pike 1 (5-1976) Cyprinidae, carps, minnows, & shiners Notemigonus crysoleucas, 2 (1-1976); 1 (5-1976) Golden shiner Pimephales notatus, Bluntnose minnow Catostomidae, suckers Catostomus commersonii, 45 (5-1976) White sucker Ictaluridae, bullheads, madtoms, & catfish Ameiurus melas, Black bullhead A.
Most species categorized as intolerant in Alabama are in the family Cyprinidae ("minnows"), but Cypress Creek (including Cox Creek) has moderate minnow species diversity among Tennessee Valley streams (Boschung and Mayden, 2004).
New geographic records are documented for 16 taxa of fishes within nine families (Anguillidae, Atherinopsidae, Catostomidae, Centrarchidae, Cyprinidae, Fundulidae, Hiodontidae, Icturalidae, Percidae) from 20 counties of the southern portion of Arkansas.
Opisthorchis felineus is a trematode that is transmitted to humans through the consumption of raw freshwater fish of the family Cyprinidae.
15 139 93 Sardinella aurita 0 0 0 Engraulidae Anchoa hepsetus 3 0 0 Anchoa mitchilli 86 497 825 Cyprinidae Notemigonus crysoleucas 0 2 1 Notropis spp.
Order Cypriniformes Family Cyprinidae (Minnows) Cyprinidae, genus undetermined ROM 43684, 43685 incomplete pharyngeal arch; 43652, 43686- 43691 pharyngeal teeth.