Cyprinidae


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Wikipedia.

Cyprinidae

[sī′prin·ə‚dē]
(vertebrate zoology)
The largest family of fishes, including minnows and carps in the order Cypriniformes.

Cyprinidae

 

a family of fishes of the order Cypriniformes. The body is scaleless or covered with cycloid scales. There are approximately 200 genera and more than 1,000 species. In the USSR there are more than 50 genera. Cyprinids are freshwater migratory fishes; they are found throughout the world, except for South America, Australia, and Madagascar. They are the most abundant fauna in the USSR, Southern Asia, and tropical Africa. In the USSR, cyprinids are found in the Amur River and in the basins of the Black, Azov, and Caspian seas. They dwell in cold rapid waters and also in very warm waters that are poorly oxygenated. Their eggs are usually deposited on vegetation. Some species lay eggs on sand and rocks; others simply deposit them in deep water. The Amur false gudgeon (Pseudogobio rivularis) and the Chinese chebachok (Pseudorasbora parva) guard their eggs.

Many cyprinids have commercial importance, such as the North Caspian roach (Rutilus rutilus caspicus), the European bream (Abramis brama), and the carp (Cyprinus carpio). Some species, including the carp and the crucian carp (Carassius carassius) are raised and bred in ponds. The domesticated carp, grasscarp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), black carp (Mylopharyngo-don piceus), bighead carp (Aristichthys nobilis), and the silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix) have been adapted to waters in the European USSR, Middle Asia, Rumania, Poland, Cuba, and the German Democratic Republic.

A. A. SVETOVIDOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Revision critique de quelques types de Cyprinidae d'Europe et d'Afrique du Nord des collections du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle de Paris.
2]; conservation status in parenthesis) in NTF and TF streams at the boundary of Sinharaja forest, Sri Lanka Order Family Species Control 1 Cypriniformes Cyprinidae R.
Larval development in Bunni is similar to most members of the Cyprinidae family, however this species has some special characteristics which haven't been observed in other studied cyprinids.
Phoxinus cumberlandensis (Osteichthyes: Cyprinidae.
At the family level, Cyprinidae dominated the fauna comprising 70 percent of all fish collected.
Numerically most abundant and diverse family was Cyprinidae comprising 27 species followed by Bagridae (eight species).
The Indian hill trout cyprinid, Barilius bendelisis (Hamilton) is a member of family Cyprinidae, subfamily Danioninae, dwells in shallow, cold and clear water (Gurung et al.
KHV DNA has been identified by different PCR methods in a lot of members of the families Acipenseridae [22], Cyprinidae, including common carp or koi hybrids [23-25], and Percidae in many wild fish populations within close vicinity to, or in carp ponds [26,27].
Molecular evolution of the southern North American Cyprinidae (Actinopterygii), with the description of the new genus Tampichthys from central Mexico.
From these experiments it appears that Trypanosoma danilewskyi strain FCc-1 is not strictly host specific and is able to infect other fish species belonging to the Cyprinidae.
Prior we were invited for a seminar in Bucharest's "Grigore Antipa" National Museum where the monumental B n rescu - Nalbant collection with over 10,000 specimens, especially of the families Cyprinidae, Cobitidae and Gobiidae, is under the custody of the Museum.
Cyprinidae, teleostei: interspecific differences and effects of habitat and season.