Cyrillic

(redirected from Cyrillic alphabet)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Cyrillic alphabet: Russian alphabet

Cyrillic:

see alphabetalphabet
[Gr. alpha-beta, like Eng. ABC], system of writing, theoretically having a one-for-one relation between character (or letter) and phoneme (see phonetics). Few alphabets have achieved the ideal exactness.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Cyrillic

 

one of the two Slavic alphabets. It was named for the ninth-century Slavic educator Cyril (called Constantine before he became a monk), who in 863 created the first Slavic alphabet and, with the help of his brother Methodius, translated the text of the Christian church service from Greek into Slavic. The earliest Cyrillic monuments probably date from the time of the earliest Glagolitic monuments.The most ancient Cyrillic works are the Old Bulgarian Mostich inscription (tenth century), the inscription of Tsar Samuil (993), and the inscription of Ivan-Vladislav (1016); and the 11th-century manuscripts Savvina Kniga, the Codex Suprasliensis, and the Enin Book of the Apostles; as well as the more numerous East Slavic works, including such particularly valuable dated manuscripts as the Ostromir Gospel (1056–57), the Sviatoslav Missals (1073 and 1076), the Service Book of Days (1095, 1096 and 1097), and the beresto writings, which are documents of everyday correspondence.

There are a number of hypotheses concerning the origin of the Cyrillic alphabet. Most scholars, relying on the Moravian-Pannonian and Ohrid Glagolitic traditions associated with the activity of Cyril and Methodius, on the great age of many Glagolitic monuments, and on the 11th-century Novgorod monument, in which Glagolitic writing is called Cyrillic, have concluded that Cyril created the Glagolitic alphabet and that the Cyrillic alphabet was compiled in eastern Bulgaria in the late ninth century (in Preslav) to make the Slavic writing system more similar to the ceremonial Byzantine system.

The ancient Cyrillic alphabet (see Table 1) contained 24 Greek uncials and the following specially created letters that were not in the Greek alphabet but were needed to represent the corresponding Slavic sounds: (There were also some other letters whose original shape has not been definitively established.) Until the 11th and 12th centuries, the Cyrillic and Glagolitic alphabets paralleled each other, but Cyrillic later became the prevailing alphabet. The composition and shape of the Cyrillic letters have changed. In the 14th century the original uncials began to be replaced by half uncials, which were the basis for the first Russian typefaces. Beginning in the late 14th century, cursive script became widespread in business and everyday correspondence, and the ornamental ligature script was used in book titles. In 1708–10, Peter I replaced the half uncials with the Civil typeface, which was similar to the modern alphabet. The Cyrillic alphabet was the basis for the alphabets of not only the southern and eastern Slavs but also of most of the peoples of the USSR, as well as of the Mongolian alphabet (by way of Russian).

REFERENCES

Georgiev, E. Slavianskaia pis’mennost’do Kirilla i Mefodiia. Sofia, 1952.
Likhachev, D. S. Vozniknovenie russkoi literatury. Moscow-Leningrad, 1952.
Cherepnin, L. V. Russkaia paleografiia. Moscow, 1956.
Istrin, V. A. 1100 let slavianskoi azbuki. Moscow, 1963.

V. A. ISTRIN

Cyrillic

denoting or relating to the alphabet derived from that of the Greeks, supposedly by Saint Cyril, for the writing of Slavonic languages: now used primarily for Russian, Bulgarian, and the Serbian dialect of Serbo-Croat
References in periodicals archive ?
Kliment Ohridski, the founder of the Ohrid Archbishopric and the Ohrid literary school and the architect of the Cyrillic alphabet and the Old Slavonic culture, is an event of immense importance not only for the Republic of Macedonia but also for the European culture and civilization.
As a result, over 200 million people across the world using the Cyrillic alphabet, among which Bulgarians, as full-fledged EU citizens, will be able to read the word "euro" in their national language on the banknote," BNB notes.
Cyril, who authored the first version of the Cyrillic alphabet together with his brother St.
The Bulgarian and Russian versions of the Cyrillic alphabet are very similar.
The Bulgarians signed up to a Facebook cause urging Mr Van Rompuy to apologise or explain why he ignored their 1,300 plus year-old state along with Ancient Greece, Rome, the Byzantine Empire, the Thracian and Slavic civilisations, Orthodox Christianity and the Cyrillic Alphabet.
You'll also learn how the devilishy hard Bulgarian Cyrillic alphabet has evolved over the years.
The analysis suggests that Macedonia's Constitution should be modified by inserting the following text: "On the whole territory of the Republic of Macedonia and in its international relations, the official language is the Macedonian language and its Cyrillic alphabet.
The uppercase Cyrillic alphabet includes twelve symbols that are visually quite similar to counterparts in our Latin alphabet: A, B, C, E, H, K, M, O, P, T, X, and Y.
In later years however, learning the Cyrillic alphabet and keeping Russian books on hand were punishable on the grounds of being implicit praise for communism.
A further proposal for a presentation of Sofia in an open public space in Paris at the eve of the national holiday celebrating the Cyrillic alphabet on May 24.
It includes reviews of books on the Cyrillic alphabet as well as more general works presenting a typology of writing systems.
You go to the supermarket and you can't read what you're buying because y y g of the Cyrillic alphabet, even buying a box of CornFlakes.