cytokinin

(redirected from Cytokinins)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical.
Related to Cytokinins: abscisic acid, Cytokines

cytokinin

[¦sīd·ō′kī·nən]
(biochemistry)
Any of a group of plant hormones which elicit certain plant growth and development responses, especially by promoting cell division.
References in periodicals archive ?
Europe was the largest consumer of cytokinins owing to demand from organic food chemistry and government policies to use eco-friendly agrochemicals.
Cytokinins are involved in many biological processes such as cell division, organ differentiation and the delay of senescence (Perelli et al.
Role of cytokinin and auxin in shaping root architecture: regulating vascular differentiation, lateral root initiation, root apical dominance and root gravitropism.
Cytokinins have been identified in leptosporangiate fern sporophytes (Stirk and van Staden, 2003 and citations therein); however, our search of the literature did not any find reports regarding cytokinin functions in these plants.
Table 1: Effect of different concentrations of cytokinins on LSBM for initiation and multiplication of shoots per culture from in vivo vegetative bud of turmeric variety Suguna.
Commercially produced cytokinins are routinely applied in apple and pistachio orchards to promote fruit growth.
To assess the effect of auxin in combination with cytokinin on callus induction, eight different medium formulations were used.
violacea in this experiment were able to proliferate without the addition of cytokinins to their growth media.
In addition, amino acids and naturally occurring growth hormones - cytokinins, giberellins, and auxins - are present in the seaweed extract.
Ryan's group focused on simpler compounds such as auxins, cytokinins, and bioactive carbohydrates during much of their two-decade effort to identify the compound that activates the proteinase defenses in plants.
The report"Plant Growth Regulators Market by Type (Auxins, Cytokinins, and Gibberellins), Crop Type (Cereals & Grains, Fruits & Vegetables, Oilseeds & Pulses, and Turfs, Ornamentals & Others), & by Region - Global Trends & Forecast to 2020" , The Market is estimated to be valued at USD 1.
Researchers have found that Cytokinins help regulate the cell growth and their divisions.