The fouling-release performance of the coatings was tested using a number of diverse marine organisms including bacteria (Halomonas pacifica and Cytophaga
lytica), sporelings (young plants) of the green macroalga (Ulva linza), diatom ((microalga) Navicula incerta), and barnacle (Amphibalanus amphi-trite).
1) and bifuctional xylanase/esterase from Cytophaga
hutchinsonii (Xie et al.
Further, bacteria such as Cytophaga
were more associated with soil tightly bound to barley roots, compared with Pseudomonas which were associated with the loosely bound soil (Olsson and Persson 1999).
These bacteria, including Cytophaga
species and Pseudomonas carrageenovora, are of marine origin; it is unknown whether the human microbial flora can perform similar hydrolysis reactions (36-40,134).
1 Table 4: Cytophaga
lytica biofilm retraction and removal, Halomonas pacifica biofilm removal, and Balanus amphitrite reattached adhesion New array C.