cytotoxic T cell

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cytotoxic T cell

[¦sīd·ə‚täk·sik ′tē ‚sel]
(immunology)
A type of T cell which protects against pathogens that invade host cell cytoplasm, where they cannot be bound by antibodies, by recognizing and killing the host cell before the pathogens can proliferate and escape.
References in periodicals archive ?
ENV-specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte responses in HIV seronegative health care workers occupationally exposed to HIV-contaminated body fluids.
Rotavirus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes passively protect against gastroenteritis in suckling mice.
Tumors are killed by killer T-cells (also known as cytotoxic T lymphocytes or CTL).
HSV specific cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) responses were induced in
5,662,907 entitled, "Induction Of Anti Tumor Cytotoxic T Lymphocytes In Humans Using Synthetic Peptide Epitopes.
The gene therapy attempts to boost production of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), the killer cells of the immune system which seek out and destroy HIV infected cells.
Abbott continued, "There is a growing consensus among AIDS research that the development of products such as Viagene's, which focus on stimulating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (killer T-cells), may represent a crucial frontier in controlling this deadly disease.
As reported in the July 1, 1992 issue of the Journal of Immunology, this anti-tumor effect results from stimulating and activating cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL), or "killer cells" of the human immune system, to attack and kill cancer cells.
The second component of the UBI(R) prostate cancer immunotherapy program is targeted specifically at treating androgen-independent prostate cancer, and aims to induce cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) capable of destroying the remaining tumor burden of androgen-independent tumor cells, which fail to respond to LHRH androgen-dependent immunotherapy.
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