Cyzicus


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Cyzicus

(sĭz`ĭkəs), ancient city, NW Turkey, at the neck of the Cyzicus Peninsula. Strategically located, it rivaled Byzantium in commercial importance. Founded (756 B.C.) by Greek colonists from Miletus, it was a member of the Delian League. In 410 B.C., Alcibiades defeated a Spartan fleet off Cyzicus, and in 74 B.C. the city withstood a siege by Mithradates VI of Pontus. As a reward for its loyalty, it became a free city under Roman rule. In A.D. 675 the town was pillaged by the Arabs and then used as a base for a siege of Constantinople. There are ruins of a large temple built by Roman Emperor Hadrian and of other public buildings.

Cyzicus

 

(Greek, Kyzikos), an ancient Greek city on the southern shore of Propontis (Sea of Marmara), founded in the eighth or seventh century B.C. by colonists from Miletus. Cyzicus was one of the large commercial centers of antiquity. Its coins were widespread in the ancient world from the seventh to the fourth century B.C. The city belonged to the Delian League. Alcibiades was victorious over the Spartans in 410 B.C. at Cyzicus. The city was finally conquered by the Romans in A.D. 25. Beginning with Diocletian’s reign, Cyzicus was the capital of the province of Hellespont. The city was destroyed in 544 by an earthquake.

REFERENCE

Hasluck, F. W. Cyzicus. Cambridge, 1910.

Cyzicus

an ancient Greek colony in NW Asia Minor on the S shore of the Sea of Marmara: site of Alcibiades' naval victory over the Peloponnesians (410 bc)
References in periodicals archive ?
A possible move of the entire classis Pontica to a base at Cyzicus c.
235; see also Kienast 1966:104 and 118, who notes that contingents of the Pontic fleet at Cyzicus would have mixed with those of the Misene, a similar situation to that of the Misene and the provincial classis Syriaca at Seleuceia in Pieria during Trajan's reign; Iulius Vehilius: ILS 1327; Saxer 1967:35-37 with further references; Crispinus: IGR 4.
The city of Cyzicus was probably founded by Pelasgians from Thessaly, according to tradition at the coming of the Argonauts; later it received many colonies from Miletus, allegedly in 756 BC, but its importance began only after the Peloponnesian war, when the decay of Athens and Miletus set in.
Cyzicus was captured temporarily by the Arabs in 675.
After Aetius and Eunomius were condemned at the Council of Seleucia in 359, Eunomius returned to Cyzicus where he wrote his first Apology against Nicene Christianity and was ordained bishop.
Vaggione, Eunomius of Cyzicus and the Nicene Revolution (New York: Oxford, 2000).
Muller, 1776) Moina micrura Kurz, 1874 Simocephalus expinosus (Koch, 1842) Crustacea: Conchostraca Cyzicus sp.
84) Apollodorus of Cyzicus, Phanosthenes of Andros and Heraclides of Clazomenae.
THE CLAM SHRIMP CYZICUS MEXICANUS (BRANCHIOPODA, DIPLOSTRACA), A NEW SPECIES REPORT FOR ALABAMA, KEVIN J.
In 2011, field investigators at Oak Mountain State Park in Shelby County, Alabama, encountered specimens of the clam shrimp, Cyzicus mexicanus (subphylum Crustacea, class Branchiopoda, order Diplostraca, family Cyzicidae.
7; (3) the reference in Jude 9 to the archangel Michael's disputing with the Devil about the body of Moses, which is not narrated in the Bible but is said by Clement of Alexandria, Origen, and the fifth-century church historian Gelasius of Cyzicus to have come from a work called the Assumption of Moses, which may be an earlier version of the work preserved partially in Latin known as the Testament of Moses; (15) and (4) the quotation of Enoch's prophecy in Jude 14-15, known from the pseudepigraphic work 1 Enoch 1:9.
1; and Gelasius of Cyzicus, Ecclesiastical History 2.