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, czar
1. (until 1917) the emperor of Russia
2. Informal a public official charged with responsibility for dealing with a certain problem or issue
3. (formerly) any of several S Slavonic rulers, such as any of the princes of Serbia in the 14th century



(also, czar; from the latin caesar, the title used by the Roman emperors), in Russia and Bulgaria, the official title of the monarch. In Russia the title of tsar was first adopted by Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) in 1547. From 1721 the Russian tsars adopted the title of emperor. In Bulgaria the monarchs bore the title of tsar from the end of the 19th century to the proclamation of the People’s Republic in 1946.

References in periodicals archive ?
Eventually, a dispute between Czar and the Heaths arose over payment and timing of work.
But the Bolsheviks (later called Communists), the group that would soon win control of the country, decided that it was too dangerous to let the Czar live.
The decision comes less than a fortnight after health minister Jane Hutt announced there was to be a breastfeeding czar for Wales as well.
Utah's new porn czar is an acknowledged virgin who rarely watches R-rated movies and has prosecuted a scant five pornography cases in her 15-year legal career," the lead read.
Drugs czars, crime czars, it seems there's a czar for everything other than the throne of Russia to sometimes minimal effect.
That year, then-drug czar Lee Brown attempted to publicly shame shoemaking giant Adidas out of naming its tennis shoe "The Hemp.
The last czar, Nicholas II, had tried disastrously to extend his father's absolute role; and ballet, like Russian poetry and painting, was bearing witness, in part unknowingly, to this czarist twilight.
We have been waiting for two hours, but the Russian people have been waiting for eighty years to bury Czar Nicholas II.
Though forensic analyses of the bones, clothing, and other material from the grave have provided strong evidence that some of the skeletons belonged to the czar and his family, attempts to confirm the identifications by analyzing DNA samples have provoked controversy.
The plot centers on a historical figure, Colonel Timotheus yon Bock, a Baltic-German nobleman in the service of Czar Alexander I.