Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


a. of, relating to, or characteristic of the Czech Republic, its people, or its language
b. of, relating to, or characteristic of Bohemia and Moravia, their people, or their language
c. (loosely) of, relating to, or characteristic of the former Czechoslovakia or its people
2. the official language of the Czech Republic, belonging to the West Slavonic branch of the Indo-European family; also spoken in Slovakia. Czech and Slovak are closely related and mutually intelligible
a. a native or inhabitant of the Czech Republic
b. a native or inhabitant of Bohemia or Moravia
c. (loosely) a native, inhabitant, or citizen of the former Czechoslovakia



the language of the Czechs, one of the official languages of the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic (the other is Slovak).

Czech is spoken in Czechoslovakia (in Bohemia, Moravia, and part of Silesia) and abroad (in the USA, Austria, Canada, and other countries) by approximately 10 million people (1974, estimate). Czech, which belongs to the West Slavic group of languages, has four groups of dialects: (1) the Bohemian dialects—central (with Prague as the center), southwestern, and northeastern; (2) the Haná (central Moravian) dialects; (3) the Lach dialects (in northeastern Moravia and in Silesia); and (4) the Moravian Slovak dialects (in eastern Moravia to the borders with Slovakia).

The Czech sound system is characterized by the presence of short and long vowels, which, like the diphthong ou, are phonemically distinctive, and by the presence of syllabic r and l. There are only three pairs of hard and soft consonants (n/n’, t/t’, and d/d’). Most consonants are paired as voiced-voiceless. Typical of Czech is the alternation of short and long vowels and consonant alternation. Stress is dynamic and always falls on the first syllable of a word; a secondary stress occurs in polysyllabic words. The morphological system is distinguished by a diversity of declensional and conjugational types. The noun is marked for the categories of gender, number, and case (six cases and a vocative form); masculine nouns are also marked for animateness. All relative, and some qualitative, adjectives are used only in the long form. The verb is marked for the categories of aspect, voice, mood, tense, person, and number; participles and adverbial participles are marked for gender.

The Czech literary language was formed on the basis of the central Bohemian dialect. The earliest written records date from the late 13th century. The written language of the first half of the 19th century was purely a bookish, literary form. The colloquial form of the modern literary language arose in the mid-19th century and existed side by side with everyday speech forms. The writing system is based on the Latin alphabet; diacritical marks are used to indicate sounds specific to the Czech language.


Selishchev, A. M. Slavianskoe iazykoznanie, vol. 1. Moscow, 1941.
Shirokova, A. G. Cheshskii iazyk. Moscow, 1961.
Cheshsko-russkii slovar’, vols. 1–2. Moscow, 1973.
Havránek, B., and A. Jedlička. Česká mluvnice, 3rd ed. Prague, 1970.
Šmilauer, V. Nauka o českém jazyku. Prague, 1972.
Bauer, J., and M. Grepl. Skladba spisovné češtiny. Prague, 1972.
Lamprecht, A. Historický vývoj češtiny. Prague, 1977.
Příruční slovník jazyka českého, parts 1–8. Prague, 1935–57.
Holub, J., and F. Kopečný. Etymologický slovník jazyka českého. Prague, 1952.
Slovník spisovného jazyka českého, vols. 1–4. Prague, 1958–71.


References in periodicals archive ?
On the other hand, Dubai is a favourable place to do business and we would like to encourage Czech companies to set base here to reach out to the lucrative markets in the Middle East, Southeast Asia, the African continent and beyond and also to benefit from the emirate s infrastructural and logistics facilities offered to overseas investors.
Frank Yablans, the legendary MGM Chairman and Paramount Pictures President, once commented that: "The Czech Republic would have almost no competitors if they had a 25% rebate[for films].
He added that the Czech Republic would offer a wholehearted support to Macedonia on that way.
The United States established diplomatic relations with the Czech Republic in 1993, and the Czech Republic made integration into Western institutions its chief foreign policy objective.
Jarmila Gabrielova, reported about the complicated past and present of this prestigious and important Czech research institution in the field of music.
A bright spot for the men in Dark Blue is that they have only failed to score against the Czech Republic once - in our last competitive meeting.
The Czech Republic government is to press on with the sale of its national carrier despite the withdrawal from the bidding of Air France KLM.
The Czech President stressed the importance of these projects in developing bilateral relations, wishing them full success.
A decline in the sense of separate identity among Viennese Czechs occurred as a result of the Germanising measures associated with the mayoralty of Karl Lueger (1844-1910) and the period of the fascist regime, and subsequently also because after 1948 three different groups of Czechs lived side by side in Vienna, only one of which--the "old inhabitants" born in Vienna--systematically cultivated their identity in the tradition of the intense Czech patriotism of the national revival and Masarykian "Czechoslovakism".
With 23 stalls all around the Czech Republic pavilion, shopping enthusiasts can roam and seek wonderful products.
While the situation in Slovalda, Hungary, and Poland is serious, conditions in the Czech Republic are almost comic.
conducts business activities in the Czech Republic through Glaverbel Czech A.