But soon Czernowitz
is occupied by Germans; the Jews are confined to a ghetto.
Delightful cities and towns such as Lemberg, Czernowitz
, and Tarnopol highlighted the multinational character of the empire and were sure to draw interest.
Not a word was said about the Jew from Czernowitz
whose parents and relatives perished in gas chambers.
When Paul Celan arrived in Vienna late in 1947 he had come, via Bucharest and Budapest, from Czernowitz
, once an outpost of the Austro-Hungarian Empire where his parents were part of a German-speaking enclave.
As I already explained, in the overwhelming encounter with Nelly Sachs the search for representation and articulation was much more difficult than in Celan's distance towards the Czernowitz
Building security Reduta Theatre, Theatre, Mahen theater workshops in Bohunice buildings and warehouses NDB in Czernowitz
, their protection, security, ancillary services, protection of property and individuals over the next four years.
He then had to make his way in the Austrian university system, first at Czernowitz
, where he wrote the first edition of The Theory of Economic Development (1912), and from 1911 as professor in Graz where, with leaves of absence for posts such as a visiting professorship at Columbia in 1913-14 and Austria's Minister of Finance in 1919, he remained until 1921.
Born to German-speaking parents in Czernowitz
, Bukovina, an eastern outpost of the Austrian Empire, Celan survived nineteen months of forced labor, eventually taking exile in Paris.
The Nazis invaded his hometown of Czernowitz
, Romania, in July 1941, murdered his mother, herded the Jews into a ghetto, and, a few months later, sent whomever had not been shot or starved to death on a forced march across the Ukraine to a labor camp.
Many of these names were recorded in the several writings of Karl Emil Franzos (1848-1904), a Galician-Jewish belletrist from Czernowitz
(in Bukovina, in the present Ukraine) (1); and some were given by Curtis Adler in a 1940 issue of Israel's Messenger, (2) while others were sent to me in personal correspondence.
Though she spoke English without accent, she was born Beate Wiznitzer in 1924 of Germanspeaking Jewish parents in the former Imperial Austrian city of Czernowitz
(by then Romania, now Ukraine).
25) Karl Hiller, Professor of law at Czernowitz
and author of the influential Die Disciplinarstrafen in den oesterreichischen Strafanstalten und Gerichtsgefangnissen (1894) wrote that young prison inmates" .