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(chĕN'stəkô`və), city (1993 est. pop. 258,800), Śląskie prov., S Poland, on the Warta River. It is an important railway and industrial center, known especially for its iron and steel plant and iron-smelting works. Other industries include iron-ore mining, food processing, sawmilling, and the manufacture of chemicals and textiles. Iron ore is mined in the vicinity. Częstochowa is a celebrated religious center, and a world-famous place of pilgrimage. Its monastery stands on the Jasna Gora [mountain of light] and contains an image of Mary known as the Black Madonna, supposedly painted by St. Luke and brought to Częstochowa in the 14th cent. In 1655, when Charles X of Sweden overran Poland, the prior and a handful of soldiers defended the monastery and its relic for 40 days until the Swedes abandoned the siege. Fired by what they thought to be a miracle, the Polish people rose to successful resistance. The event figures prominently in Henryk Sienkiewicz's novel The Deluge. The monastery was again defended against the Swedes in 1702. Venerated as the "Queen of Poland," the image became the national symbol of Poland.



a city in southern Poland. Population, 203,000 (1976). The capital of Częstochowa Województwo, Częestochowa is a transportation junction. It has large linen and woolen mills and an iron and steel plant. It also manufactures glass, matches, building materials, and food products. Częstochowa is the center of an iron-mining region.

References in periodicals archive ?
Czestochowa has a moderate debt burden and lower appetite for new debt than its peers.
It was here where we met the Luz-Vi-Min nuns of Czestochowa.
A prerequisite for a positive rating action could be considered if Czestochowa perks up its operating performance, keeps debt coverage ratios below its average debt maturity and successfully cuts the indirect risk stemming from its hospital.
Luke was said to have made two copies, one now residing in Bologna, Italy; the other, in the possession of the Pauline monks, was said to have traveled from Jerusalem, to Constantinople, and then to Czestochowa.
Her funeral was held Friday, July 27, from Henry-Dirsa Funeral Home, Worcester, with a Mass, in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, Worcester.
with a Mass at 10 AM Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward St.
project in promilu 40 km CEiPM headquarters in Czestochowa, Al.
A Mass of Christian Burial will be held 10:00 AM, Monday, April 18, from the funeral home in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward Street, Worcester, MA, followed by internment in Notre Dame Cemetery.
She was a member of Our Lady of Czestochowa Church and the Our Lady of Czestochowa Women's Guild.
Tenders are invited for Expansion, modernization and construction (assembly), CCTV installation, installation of access control and installation of intruder alarm in buildings ZUS Branch in Czestochowa and field organizational units
with a Mass at 10:00 AM in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward St.