Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.


(chĕN'stəkô`və), city (1993 est. pop. 258,800), Śląskie prov., S Poland, on the Warta River. It is an important railway and industrial center, known especially for its iron and steel plant and iron-smelting works. Other industries include iron-ore mining, food processing, sawmilling, and the manufacture of chemicals and textiles. Iron ore is mined in the vicinity. Częstochowa is a celebrated religious center, and a world-famous place of pilgrimage. Its monastery stands on the Jasna Gora [mountain of light] and contains an image of Mary known as the Black Madonna, supposedly painted by St. Luke and brought to Częstochowa in the 14th cent. In 1655, when Charles X of Sweden overran Poland, the prior and a handful of soldiers defended the monastery and its relic for 40 days until the Swedes abandoned the siege. Fired by what they thought to be a miracle, the Polish people rose to successful resistance. The event figures prominently in Henryk Sienkiewicz's novel The Deluge. The monastery was again defended against the Swedes in 1702. Venerated as the "Queen of Poland," the image became the national symbol of Poland.



a city in southern Poland. Population, 203,000 (1976). The capital of Częstochowa Województwo, Częestochowa is a transportation junction. It has large linen and woolen mills and an iron and steel plant. It also manufactures glass, matches, building materials, and food products. Częstochowa is the center of an iron-mining region.

References in periodicals archive ?
Luke was said to have made two copies, one now residing in Bologna, Italy; the other, in the possession of the Pauline monks, was said to have traveled from Jerusalem, to Constantinople, and then to Czestochowa.
Pratt said: "Seb rang towards the end of the meeting to see how we were doing, and to tell me he had scored paid 14 for Czestochowa in a big win over Torun.
The ceremony was held in honor of the strong economic development leadership shown by officials of the Polish Ministries of the Economy, Finance and Treasury; the City of Czestochowa and the Special Economic Zone of Czestochowa.
3) coordinate the implementation of a contract for execution of works complementary to the industry lane in Czestochowa Stradom station, Fox and Kochanowice;
Worcester with a Mass at 12:30 PM in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward St.
Felicia's Funeral will be Tuesday, December 4, 2012 with a Mass at 10 AM at Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward St.
Total quantity or scope: Supply of computer hardware and software and peripherals for organizational units of the University of Czestochowa, as described in the order set out in the tender documents.
Her funeral was held Friday, July 27, from Henry-Dirsa Funeral Home, Worcester, with a Mass, in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, Worcester.
Worcester with a Mass at 10:30 AM in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward St.
The funeral Mass will be celebrated on Thursday, January 5, at noon in Our Lady of Czestochowa Church, 34 Ward Street, Worcester (please meet at the church).
She was a longtime member of Our Lady of Czestochowa Church and past president and member of the PNI Club.
She was a member of Our Lady of Czestochowa Church and the Women Guild of Our Lady of Czestochowa.