an administrative and territorial unit in southern Poland. Formed in 1975. Area, 6,200 sq km. Population, 731,000 (1975), of which 45 percent is urban. The capital is the city of Czestochowa.
The economy of Częstochowa Województwo is based on industry and agriculture. The województwo has metallurgical, machine-building, metalworking, textile, food-processing, cement, by-product coke, and building-materials industries. Iron ore is mined. Plowland makes up 46 percent of the total area, and forests account for 32 percent. The województwo has approximately 250,000 head of beef and dairy cattle and approximately 300,000 swine. The principal crops are rye and potatoes.