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Born Sept. 2, 1846, in Paris; died Jan. 30, 1914, in Nice. French literary figure and politician.
A participant in the suppression of the Paris Commune of 1871, Déroulède was an organizer and leader of the chauvinistic League of Patriots (1882-89). He was a Boulangist propagandist and an active opponent of Dreyfus. In 1889 and 1898 he was elected to the Chamber of Deputies. On Feb. 23, 1899, the day of the funeral of the president of France, F. Faure, Dérouléde unsuccessfully attempted an antirepublican coup d’etat with the aid of a reactionary military clique. In 1900 he was banished from France, but he was amnestied in 1905.