Gabriele d'Annunzio

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D'Annunzio, Gabriele

(gäbrēĕ`lā dän-no͞on`tsyō) 1863–1938, Italian poet, novelist, dramatist, and soldier, b. Pescara. He went to Rome in 1881 and there began his literary career. Considered by some to be the greatest Italian poet since DanteDante Alighieri
, 1265–1321, Italian poet, b. Florence. Dante was the author of the Divine Comedy, one of the greatest of literary classics. Life
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, he expressed in many of his works the desire to live in a more heroic age, an age that he attempted to create in the events of his life. The richly sensuous imagery of even his early poetry—Le primavere della mala pianta [the springtime of the evil plant] (1880) and Canto nuovo [new song] (1882)—displayed his unrivaled literary craftsmanship. His novels—Il piacere (1889, tr. The Child of Pleasure, 1898), in which he expresses his hero's and his own credo that a person's life should be made a work of art; L'innocente (1892, tr. The Intruder, 1898, and The Victim, 1914); Giovanni Episcopo (1892, tr. Episcopo & Company, 1896); Il trionfo della morte (1894, tr. The Triumph of Death, 1896); and Alcione (1904)—show the same creative handling of the Italian language, but many of these works are regarded as shallow and theatrical. D'Annunzio was also a prolific journalist and a relentless self-promoter.

The outbreak of World War I found him in France, where he had lived since 1910. He returned to Italy, where his extreme nationalist oratory had much to do with persuading Italy to join the Allies, and he fought with spectacular daring in the air force. In Sept., 1919, he led an expedition (known as the march on Ronchi) against Fiume, where he established a rule opposed by both the Italian government and the rest of Europe, which lasted until Jan., 1921. D'Annunzio, one of the few writers to be courted by MussoliniMussolini, Benito
, 1883–1945, Italian dictator and leader of the Fascist movement. Early Career

His father, an ardent Socialist, was a blacksmith; his mother was a teacher.
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, was an early exponent of fascism, and his troops in the Fiume raid introduced the black shirt that became the uniform of the fascists.

His book Notturrno (1921) is a moving analysis of sensations and memories during weeks of blindness from which he partially recovered. He added little in later life to the long list of his works. His plays include Il sogno d'un mattino di primavera (1897, tr. The Dream of a Spring Morning, 1902), Il sogno d'un tramonto d'autunno (1898, tr. The Dream of an Autumn Sunset, 1904), La città morta (1898, tr. The Dead City, 1902), and Francesca (1902, tr. Francesca da Rimini, 1902). Most of these were written during the time of his love affair with Eleonora DuseDuse, Eleonora
, 1859–1924, Italian actress. From a theatrical family, she made a successful appearance at 14 as Juliet and in 1879 gained recognition in Emilé Zola's Thérèse Raquin.
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, which he described with cruel candor in the novel Il fuoco (1900; tr. The Flame of Life, 1900). Mussolini appointed him (1937) president of the Royal Italian Academy, but he died before taking office.

Bibliography

See biographies by G. Griffin (1935, repr. 1970), C. Klopp (1988), J. Woodhouse (2001), and L. Hughes-Hallett (2013); studies by A. Rhodes (1960), G. Gullace (1966), R. Forcella (4 vol., 1926–37, repr. 1973), and M. Ledeen (1977) and (2001).

References in periodicals archive ?
Both portraits have been described as an 'anti-Joconde': indeed, Mona Lisa was another nickname given to Casati by d'Annunzio, her sometime lover and lifelong friend, who claimed she was the only woman ever to astonish him.
It is said that Gabriele D'Annunzio (one of Italy's most important writers, poets, playwright and politician) gave it the name Godilonda, from "godi l'onda" or "enjoy the waves", after having spent a romantic and passionate night here at the beginning of the twentieth century.
Apart from having its own pool with loungers, it takes less than five minutes to walk to the beach, with more D'Annunzio loungers on its private section.
It comes down to managing the duration of assets," said D'Annunzio, formerly CFO of $475 million Heritage Trust Federal Credit Union in Charleston, S.
Throughout the novel, D'Annunzio shows in painstaking detail and explicitly declares this dichotomy, often grazing the boundaries of blasphemy.
The Great War is also central to Lucy Hughes-Hallett's superb biography of Italian poet and protofascist Gabriele d'Annunzio.
Gianni Betcaro of the Department of Biomedical Science, Gabriele D'Annunzio University Chieti-Pescara, said, "Taken together, our data suggest that GSPs, at least in the profile associated to Indena's Enovita, are worth considering to complement dietary and lifestyle changes associated to the maintenance of a healthy blood pressure status, with beneficial cardiovascular effect.
James Joyce expressed great admiration for Gabriele D'Annunzio.
It looks primarily at three avant-garde Italian art intellectuals and their responses to the nascent form of film in the 1910s: Filippo Thommaso Marinetti, the founding figure of Futurism, Gabriele D'Annunzio, the leader of Italian Decadentism, and Luigi Pirandello, a father of European avant-garde and absurdist theatre.
D'ANNUNZIO - ANTHONY February 17, 2013, Aged 62 years For every dream you made come true for all the love we found in you, we will be forever thankful dad, you're the one who held us up and never let us fall - Lots of love always Paige & Ria D'ANNUNZIO - ANTHONY February 17, 2013, Aged 62 years Remembering is easy I do it everyday, Missing you is heartache that never goes away, You walked with me from baby to man, But even now your gone I know I will never walk ALONE Goodnight and Godbless Dad we will miss you always.
Flamboyant and charismatic, Gabriele D'Annunzio enjoyed immense popularity during his lifetime as a novelist, poet, and playwright, at least in part thanks to his extraliterary celebrity--from his military exploits to his affaires de coeur.
d'Annunzio University of Chieti-Pescara, Italy, (2) University Centre of Sports Medicine, G.