dilation

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dilation

[də′lā·shən]
(mathematics)
A transformation which changes the size, and only the size, of a geometric figure.
An operation that provides a relatively flexible boundary to a fuzzy set; for a fuzzy set A with membership function mA, a dilation of A is a fuzzy set whose membership function has the value [mA (x)]βfor every element x, where β is a fixed number that is greater than 0 and less than 1.
(science and technology)
The act or process of stretching or expanding.