genetic fingerprinting

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Related to DNA typing: DNA profile, DNA fingerprinting, DNA evidence, DNA analysis, Forensic DNA

genetic fingerprinting

[jə¦ned·ik ′fiŋ·gər‚print·iŋ]
(forensic science)
A forensic identification technique that enables virtually 100% discrimination between individuals from small samples of blood or semen, using probes for hypervariable minisatellite deoxyribonucleic acid. Also known as DNA fingerprinting.
(cell and molecular biology)
Identification of chemical entities in animal tissues as indicative of the presence of specific genes.
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References in periodicals archive ?
DNA databases give rise to techniques beyond mere DNA typing that expand criminal investigations' scope and impact.
The defense community also succeeded in challenging the capacity of private companies like Cellmark and Lifecodes, with their proprietary interests, to provide "common technical, procedural, and interpretive standards that could be used to evaluate specific DNA typing results in court.
PCR-based DNA typing was used to end the 40-year hunt for Nazi prison camp doctor Josef Mengele, who escaped from the Allies at the end of World War II.
This section ends with a few pages devoted to the study of genetic variation in ancient biological samples, including two opinion boxes on the problems associated with ancient DNA typing.
While DNA typing determines unique genetic identification traits, isotope ratio examinations look at diet.
In addition to disease risk factor analysis, the 3100 analyzer performs DNA typing associated with forensic applications and both food and pharmaceutical safety studies.
The company and the Instrument Group of Hitachi introduced the new ABI Prism 3100 Genetic Analyzer for disease risk-factor analysis, DNA typing for forensic applications and the identification of micro-organisms for food and pharmaceutical product safety.
The new system will provide higher throughput and ease-of-use for academic researchers engaged in disease risk-factor analysis, as well as those involved in DNA typing for forensic applications and identification of micro-organisms for food and pharmaceutical product safety.
The current DNA technology is comprised of a myriad of genetic markers, multiple DNA typing strategies, powerful computers and specialized software.
Current methods that identify HLA class II types for prenatal parentage testing use DNA typing methods rather than methods that identify the types of the glycoproteins expressed on the cell surface.
Intended as a companion to the Fundamentals of Forensic DNA Typing volume published in 2009, Advanced Topics in Forensic DNA Typing: Methodology contains 18 chapters with 4 appendices providing up-to-date coverage of essential topics in this important field and citation to more than 2800 articles and internet resources.