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(dōl), city (1990 pop. 28,860), Jura dept., E France, in Franche-Comté, on the Doubs River. There are metallurgical, food, and other industries. Dôle was the capital of Franche-Comté until Louis XIV conquered the region; he shifted the parlement from Dôle to Besançon. The university, founded (1422) by Philip the Good of Burgundy, was also transferred to Besançon at that time. Louis Pasteur was born in Dôle; his home is now a museum.


distribution to the poor, usually of food or money. In medieval times doles were usually from bequests of money or land, and the income was given to charity or distributed to the local poor at funerals. John Leake in 1792 left £1,000 to Trinity Church, New York City, the income of which was to provide wheat loaves to be distributed to the poor every Sunday morning after services. After World War I the term was applied in Great Britain to weekly payments to the unemployed—the noncontributory payees under the out-of-work-donation plan of 1918; the plan was terminated in 1919. The term was then applied to payments made under the National Unemployment Insurance scheme; it has also been applied to payments to the unemployed by the poor-law authorities. In the United States, the word has acquired pejorative implications.


1. a small portion or share, as of money or food, given to a poor person
2. the act of giving or distributing such portions
3. Brit informal money received from the state while out of work
4. on the dole Brit informal receiving such money
References in periodicals archive ?
By the time Dole felt obliged to play the character card, the electorate was well beyond shocked and perhaps unable to distinguish new allegations of corruption from old fantasies.
Clinton's final advantage over Dole was a gender gap of 16 percentage points.
Bob Dole has said that he hasn't read the platform.
Mainly as a result of these issues, the so called gender gap in American politics has become a yawning chasm: polls indicate that, while Clinton and Dole have generally run nearly even among white men, Clinton has consistently maintained a 25-point lead with women voters.
Bob Dole was a former Republican National Committee chairman, and the marriage had political benefits for both him and his wife.
She probably did more good for Bob Dole than he did for himself in that race.
Despite lobbying by Bob Dole, the White House had lesser plans for her.
The last time was in August, when Dole announced Jack Kemp as his running mate.
Photo: Bob Dole and his wife, Elizabeth, watch on TV as heis nominated at the August convention.
In a bid to win New Mexico voters, Dole vowed not to close three research laboratories in the state operated by the Department of Energy.
Local Dole campaign officials said the Clinton administration tried to convey the idea the labs were on the chopping block when Dole talked about cutting or scaling back certain departments, such as Energy.
In California, Dole declared, ``There could not be a clearer choice,'' adding that Clinton's train trip to Chicago represented the ``status quo express.