Vasco da Gama

(redirected from Da gama)
Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Vasco da Gama:

see Gama, Vasco daGama, Vasco da
, c.1469–1524, Portuguese navigator, the first European to journey by sea to India. His epochal voyage (1497–99) was made at the order of Manuel I.
..... Click the link for more information.
.

Gama, Vasco da

(vă`skō də gă`mə, Port. väsh`kō dä gä`mə), c.1469–1524, Portuguese navigator, the first European to journey by sea to India. His epochal voyage (1497–99) was made at the order of Manuel IManuel I,
1469–1521, king of Portugal (1495–1521), successor of John II. Manuel's reign was most notable for the successful continuation of Portugal's overseas enterprises.
..... Click the link for more information.
. With four vessels, he rounded the Cape of Good Hope, passed the easternmost point reached by Bartolomeu DiasDias, Bartolomeu
, d. 1500, Portuguese navigator. He was the first European to round (1488) the Cape of Good Hope, which he called Cabo Tormentoso [cape of storms]. That voyage opened the road to India.
..... Click the link for more information.
 in 1488, continued up the east coast of Africa to Malindi, and sailed across the uncharted Indian Ocean to Calicut. This voyage opened up a way for Europe to reach the wealth of the Indies, and immediately Portugal gained great riches from the spice trade; out of it ultimately grew the Portuguese Empire. Gama dictated the instructions for Cabral's voyage (1500–1502) to India, and in 1502 he himself led a fleet of 20 ships on his second India voyage. With this force he attempted to establish Portuguese power in Indian waters and sought to secure the submission of a number of chiefs on the African coast. He was harsh in his methods and was not as good an administrator as many of the Portuguese captains who later went to the East, but he was the first, and he was honored with many tributes and the title of count of Vidigueria. In 1524 he was sent back to India as viceroy, but he died soon after his arrival. Gama's voyage is the subject of CamõesCamões or Camoens, Luís de
, 1524?–1580, Portuguese poet, the greatest figure in Portuguese literature.
..... Click the link for more information.
's epic The Lusiads.

Bibliography

See A Journal of the First Voyage of Vasco da Gama (1898), the journal of one of Gama's subordinates; G. Corrêa, The Three Voyages of Vasco da Gama and His Viceroyalty (1869, repr. 1964); K. G. Jayne, Vasco da Gama and His Successors (1910, repr. 1970); H. H. Hart, Sea Route to the Indies (1950, repr. 1971); N. Cliff, Holy War: How Vasco da Gama's Epic Voyages Turned the Tide in a Centuries-Old Clash of Civilizations (2011) and The Last Crusade: The Epic Voyages of Vasco Da Gama (2012).

Gama, Vasco da

 

Born 1469 in Sines, Portugal; died Dec. 24, 1524, in Cochin, India. Portuguese navigator who completed the search for a sea route between Europe and India.

By the time of da Gama’s expedition, the Portuguese had already established a sea route along the west coast of Africa and had gained access to the Indian Ocean (B. Dias, 1487-88). In 1497 the Portuguese outfitted an expedition to India consisting of three vessels (San Gabriel, San Rafael, and Berrio) and a small supply ship. In July 1497 the expedition under the command of da Gama set sail from Lisbon, rounded the Cape of Good Hope and, going north along the eastern coast of Africa with several stops en route, arrived at the Somali harbor of Malindi in 1498. The Arab helmsman Ahmed Ibn Majid was taken on board here to guide the ships to the Indian city of Calicut. Thus, da Gama’s expedition discovered the southeastern coast of Africa (as far as Malindi) and crossed the Indian Ocean. Da Gama established trade and diplomatic relations with the ruler of Calicut and then, at the end of August 1498, he set sail on the return voyage, his ships laden with spices. The expedition arrived at Lisbon in September 1499. Of the 168 crewmen, only 55 returned. (The others had died during the voyage.) This voyage had worldwide historical significance, since a sea route was established for the first time between Europe and the countries of southern Asia, which found themselves within the realm of Portugal’s colonial expansion.

In 1502, da Gama, commanding an armada of 20 ships, made a second voyage to the shores of India. He destroyed Calicut, set up a number of strongholds on the Malabar coast, brutally crushed the resistance of the local rulers, and returned to Lisbon in 1503 with enormous plunder. Da Gama was appointed viceroy of India in 1524, and in the same year he set out on his third—and last—voyage to India, where he died soon after his arrival.

REFERENCES

Kunin, K. Vasko da Gama, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1947.
Hart, H. Morskoi put’. v Indiiu [2nd ed.]. Moscow, 1959. (Translated from English.)
Shumovskii, T. A. Tri neizvestnye lotsii Akhmada ibn Madzhida, arabskogo lotsmana Vasko da Gamy .… Moscow-Leningrad, 1957.
Magidovich, I. P. Ocherki po istorii geograficheskikh otkrytii. Moscow, 1967.

Gama, Vasco da

(c. 1460–1524) navigator who discovered route around Africa to India. [Port. Hist.: NCE, 1040]
References in periodicals archive ?
Vasco da Gama is a famous and traditional Brazilian multisport club from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
Graham, Martha and Sara Da Gama Howells said their father had recently retired as professor of English at the University of Brasilia.
Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain sent Christopher Columbus across the Atlantic but Manuel I of Portugal, believing that "the Holy Spirit had inspired him to usher in a new global age of Christianity," sent Vasco da Gama to lead a mission of three ships to "reach India, oust Islam and entrench Portugal as an Eastern power.
It featured more than 30 bands and performers from across Liverpool and the UK, including the Wave Machines, Stealing Sheep, Vasco Da Gama and Dan Croll.
Prithviraj plays Chirakkal Kelu Nayanar, the leader of a gang that sets out to kill Vasco Da Gama while Genelia plays a warrior princess Arackkal Ayesha; Prabhu Deva is Vavvali, Kelu's closefriend.
After leaving Coventry he played for Vasco da Gama and LA Galaxy, where he spent the past three years as assistant coach.
DAR ES SALAAM, Tanznia - In 1498 a new connection was made between India and Africa when the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama rounded Africa's Cape of Good Hope, paused for a while in Mozambique and finally reached the land of pepper, which was the original "black gold.
Em nome de Deus; the journal of the first voyage of Vasco Da Gama to India, 1497-1499.
BRAZILIAN striker Aloiso almost died on his Vasco da Gama debut last week after choking on chewing gum.
1524: Vasco da Gama, Portuguese navigator who found the sea route from Europe to the East, died on his second voyage after landing in India.
BRAZILIAN giants Vasco da Gama are taking a novel approach to keeping their players in trim.
VASCO da Gama striker Romario has revealed he has tested positive for banned substance finasteride.