Dacca


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Dacca,

Bangladesh: see DhakaDhaka
or Dacca
, city (1991 pop. 6,844,131), capital of Bangladesh, on a channel of the Dhaleswari River, in the heart of the world's largest jute-growing region.
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Dacca

 

the capital of Bangladesh. Located on the Burhi-Ganga River near the confluence of the Padma (Ganges) and the Meghna. A political, economic, and cultural center. Population, 829,000 (1969, including suburbs). An important transportation junction, the city has an international airport. Dacca and its suburbs, including the city of Narayanganj, form the basic industrial region of the country. The cotton, jute, and food industries are concentrated there, as well as chemical, metalworking, and machine-building enterprises. Glass and leather goods are produced. Dacca is the most important center of muslin weaving, silver filigree, and other handicrafts. Its university was founded in 1921.

One of Bengal’s oldest cities, Dacca was its capital from 1608 to 1717. In the 17th and early 18th centuries it was one of the most important centers of trade and commerce in the world. (Muslins, embroidery, and gold and silver articles made in Dacca were highly prized in many parts of the world, including Europe.) The British conquest of Bengal in the 18th century and the subsequent importation into India of fabrics manufactured in England destroyed Dacca’s trade and commerce. In the early 20th century the city became one of the centers of the national liberation movement. The Muslim League was founded there in 1906. After the formation of Pakistan, Dacca was the administrative center of East Pakistan (East Bengal) from 1947 to 1971. In December 1971 it became the capital of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, which was formed as a result of the liberation struggle in East Bengal.

The old part of Dacca includes the Lai Bagh Fortress with the mausoleum of Bibi Peri, the mosque of Sat Gambuz, the Great Market (all 17th-century structures), and the Starry Mosque (18th century). Along the quay on the Buckland Bank are late 19th- and early 20th-century buildings in the late Mogul style of architecture. Among these buildings are a bank and a courthouse. The secretariat building, the university, a new mosque, an institute of art, the National Bank, and a stadium are located in the Ramna area, which began to be built in 1911. South of it is a region of villas and comfortable private residences. In 1964, Dacca began to construct a new administrative and cultural center designed by L. Kahn.

REFERENCE

Dani, A.N. Dacca: A Record of Its Changing Fortunes, 2nd ed. Dacca, 1962.

Dhaka

, Dacca
the capital of Bangladesh, in the E central part: capital of Bengal (1608--39; 1660--1704) and of East Pakistan (1949--71); jute and cotton mills; university (1921). Pop.: 12 560 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
Of these four proposals, the Myanmar-Bangladesh-India pipeline is the closest to getting the go-ahead and has support from both Dacca and Delhi.
Speaking on the occasion, Pasban Pakistan General Secretary Usman Moazzam said had the then regime given due constitutional rights to the citizens of the then East Pakistan and seriously solved their geninue issue, the fall of Dacca could have been averted.
Mosquitoes breeding in treehole and bamboo stumps in Dacca (East Pakistan).
Rapp not only visited liberation war museum in the capital but also held meetings with the judges of the international Crimes tribunal at the Old High Court building in Dacca to show American solidarity with them.
Travel with him, as he slides in and out of time from the agonies of Partition in 1947 right up to the present day, as we board fishing boats up the Megna River and rickshaws along the dusty roads of Dacca.
University of Dhaka was established in 1921 under the Dacca University Act 1920 of the Indian Legislative Council, it is modeled after British universities.
Following studies at Dacca University, he moved to London.
Mehta, who as a young officer led the only tank column into Dacca, Major General L.
Dacca Home unveiled the Rottet Home Collection, a new furniture assortment created by Houston-based architect and designer Lauren Rottet.
Le Canada a decide de fermer preventivement sa representation diplomatique a Dacca, capitale du Bangladesh.
127 employes dans l'effondrement d'un immeuble pres de Dacca.
The eastern frontier, where Dacca was located, was fighting for autonomy from the ruling regime in the west" (23).