Dachau


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Dachau

(dä`khou), city, Bavaria, S Germany, on the Amper River; chartered in 1391. It is a rail junction and its industries include the production of paper, cardboard, electrical equipment, and textiles. There is a 16th-century castle. Nearby was (1933–45) the first Nazi concentration campconcentration camp,
a detention site outside the normal prison system created for military or political purposes to confine, terrorize, and, in some cases, kill civilians.
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, which today has a number of memorials and a museum. Records indicate that at least 32,000 inmates died at the Dachau concentration camp, and numberless more were transported to extermination camps in Poland.

Dachau

 

the first concentration camp in Nazi Germany. Established in March 1933 on the outskirts of the town of Dachau (17 km from Munich).

During the period of the camp’s existence a total of 250,000 persons from 24 countries were imprisoned there, including some from the Soviet Union. Approximately 70,000 were brutally tortured or killed at Dachau, 140,000 were transported to other concentration camps, and 30,000 lived to be liberated. Criminal “medical experiments” were conducted on people in Dachau. During World War II (1939–45) the concentration camp had about 125 camp divisions and so-called external detachments at military enterprises in southern Germany and Austria. An underground organization of prisoners that was operating in Dachau under the leadership of an international committee staged an insurrection on Apr. 28, 1945, the day before the arrival of American troops, thus foiling the Nazi plan to annihilate all prisoners who were still alive. In 1960 a monument was unveiled to those who perished at Dachau.

REFERENCES

SS v deistvii. Moscow, 1969. (Translated from German.)
Hess, S. Dachau: Eine Welt ohne Gott. Nuremberg [1946].

A. B. GERMAN

Dachau

primarily work camp, experienced share of Nazi horrors. [Ger. Hist.: Hitler, 1055]

Dachau

a town in S Germany, in Bavaria: site of a Nazi concentration camp. Pop.: 39 474 (2003 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
After leaving Dachau, Miller and fellow photographer David E Scherman found themselves billeted in the Fuhrer's apartment in Munich.
Five weeks after Adolf Hitler became chancellor of Germany in 1933, he established the Dachau camp 10 miles northwest of Munich, at first to hold about 5,000 political prisoners, mostly Communists, Social Democrats and others who opposed the Nazi philosophy.
Heinrich Himmler, the leader of the SS, set up the institute at Dachau in 1942.
Merkel toured the site with 93-year-old Dachau survivor Max Mannheimer.
More than 200,000 Jews, gays, Roma, political opponents, the disabled and prisoners of war were imprisoned in Dachau during the war.
With prior experience in every role in Military Tribunals, he came to Dachau with a clear insight into the strengths and weaknesses of the process.
Indeed, Universal Hotel may be understood as the product of Thompson's effort to bear witness to what the image recording the freezing of a prisoner at Dachau does not show: the one case in which sexual intercourse occurred at the test site between prisoners forced to participate in the cold water freezing experiments.
That evening she fled Dachau and later located Julius at Buchenwald, another concentration camp where nearly 60,000 people would have been killed by the end of the war.
The itinerary will include a journey along Germany's Romantic Road from Rothenburg to Munich, travel through the Black Forest and the Rhine Falls to Heidelberg, a visit to Dachau and a stop in Frankfurt.
They were meet by hundreds of German veterans sporting swastikas and while being taken on a tour of Dachau they had meetings with Hitler and Rudolph Hess.
ALMOST 70 years after the train carrying Jack Senior pulled up outside Dachau concentration camp in Germany, he can still remember the horrendous stench.
Fleischmann senior is the subject of this biography; a musician well respected in his native Dachau in Germany, who emigrated to Ireland in 1906 in order to support his wife's Cork-based family.