Dacia

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Dacia

(dā`shə), ancient name of the European region corresponding roughly to modern Romania (including Transylvania). It was inhabited before the Christian era by a people who were called Getae by the Greeks and were called Daci by the Romans. They were a people of advanced material culture, with a tribal organization. Augustus claimed them as tributary allies but the Daci paid little heed, and Domitian, after inconclusive campaigns against them, was forced (A.D. 90) to pay them tribute to keep them quiet. TrajanTrajan
(Marcus Ulpius Trajanus) , c.A.D. 53–A.D. 117, Roman emperor (A.D. 98–A.D. 117). Born in Spain, he was the first non-Italian to become head of the empire. Trajan served in the East, in Germany, and in Spain. He was adopted in A.D.
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 invaded Dacia in A.D. 102 and again in 105. He established a large number of colonies, and Dacia became a Roman province. The Goths invaded (250–70) the region, and Aurelian was obliged to concede Dacia. It was the Roman colonists in Dacia who formed the Latin-speaking nucleus that established the Romance tongue Romanian, which is still spoken in that region.

Bibliography

See P. MacKendrick, The Dacian Stones Speak (1975).

Dacia

 

a Roman province created by Emperor Trajan in 106 A.D. after Roman armies had conquered the territory of the Dacians. It consisted of part of the territory of modern Rumania (Transylvania, Banat, and Oltenia). It was of great strategic-military and economic importance for the Roman Empire. One reason why Dacia was conquered is that it had rich deposits of gold. Colonists from all over the empire settled in Dacia, and it underwent considerable Romanization. The most famous cities of Dacia were the capital of Sar-mizegethusa, Drobetae, Apulum, Porolissum, and Romula. Surrounded by barbarian tribes, Dacia was subjected to constant invasions. In 271 the Roman emperor Aurelian decided to evacuate the Roman troops and the civilian population to the right bank of the Danube, where on the territory of Moesia and Thrace he created two new right-bank provinces: Dacia Ripensis and Dacia Mediterranea. A part of the former Romanized population evidently remained in left-bank Dacia, which was now occupied by the Goths, Vandals, Gepidae, Carpi, and Sarmatians.

IU. K. KOLOSOVSKAIA

Dacia

an ancient region bounded by the Carpathians, the Tisza, and the Danube, roughly corresponding to modern Romania. United under kings from about 60 bc, it later contained the Roman province of the same name (about 105 to 270 ad)