Dacians


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.
Related to Dacians: Getae

Dacians

 

a group of North Thracian tribes. According to ancient authors, such as Strabo, Caesar, and Pliny the Elder, they occupied the territory north of the Danube to the spurs of the Carpathian Mountains, that is, mainly the territory of modern Transylvania. In the middle of the first century B.C., the Dacians and the tribes of the Getae united under the leadership of D. Burebistas and spread their power over the tribes of the right bank of the Danube and over several West-Pontic cities of Greece. But the union was shaky and soon disintegrated. The Dacian union achieved its greatest power at the end of the first century A.D. under Decebalus. At this time classes were already relatively well developed among the Dacians, and according to some scholars a slave-owning state had already formed. From the first century B.C. through the first century A.D., under the emperors Augustus, Nero, and Domitian, the Romans undertook a series of campaigns against the Dacians. In wars in 101–102 and 105–106, during the reign of Emperor Trajan, the Dacians lost their independence, and their country became the Roman province of Dacia.

Since the 1950’s Rumanian archaeologists have been excavating Dacian fortresses and settlements in the Orastie Mountains.

REFERENCES

Kruglikova, I. T. Dakiia v epokhu rimskoi okkupatsii. Moscow, 1955.
Kolosovskaia, Iu. K. “K istorii padeniia rimskogo gospodstva v Dakii.” Vestnik drevnei istorii, 1955, no. 3.
Kolosovskaia, Iu. K. “O romanizatsii Dakii.” Ibid., 1957, no. 1.
Daicoviciu, H. Dacii. Bucharest, 1965.
Tudor, D. Istoria sclavajului in Dacia romana. [Bucharest] 1957.

IU. K. KOLOSOVSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
In his wanderings he met Celts and he may have learned Gaelic, which was, of course, less complicated than today's French, closer to Latin, and, hence, to the Dacian language, as Gonzague de Reynold states.
Like Alexander, Burebista achieved amazing results, though by different means, creating a great Dacian power, which some historians called an empire (Dragan, 1976: 258-259).
The Dacian Wolf created fear in the opposition, and built confidence in those who carried it," Bitdefender's website says.
As was later discovered during the criminal investigations and the subsequent judicial inquiry, the gold bracelets were found together with gold staters of pseudo-Lysimachus type, silver Thassos type 2 tetradrachms, Dacian tetradrachms of Radulesti-Hunedoara type and other objects.
Hoard 3, otherwise 'Professor Glodariu's loo', (4) (summer of 1999) included two bracelets (5 & 9), 200 staters of Lysimachus type and 500 tetradrachms (Thassos tetradrachms of the second type and Dacian tetradrachms of Radulesti-Hunedoara type).
These are the first solid gold bracelets of Dacian craftsmanship to be discovered in Romania, although similar bracelets made from sliver and silver-gilt are known (Medelet 1994; and see below).
A cohort of Dacians worked on the building of Hadrian's Wall and Birdoswald became the home of what was known as the First Cohort of Dacians, Hadrian's Own, consisting of 1,000 infantry.
Although they were at Birdoswald for 200 years, they never forgot their roots, with the Dacian curved sword being carved on building inscriptions.
Even though Thracian inscriptions are almost non-existent (four short inscriptions are known) there could have been more discussion here on the relationship between Thracian, Dacian and Getian: to what extent are these dialects related?
Some of the Dacians' names are recorded on gravestones, including that commemorating a child named Decebalus, after the Dacian king.
One gravestone is that of Aurelius Concordius, the infant son of the commander of the Dacian garrison, Aurelius Julianus, whose name appears on tablets marking the building of granaries at the fort.
Another tombstone commemorates a soldier called Septimus, aged 40, who served for 18 years with the Dacian cohort.