Dagestan Republic

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Related to Dagestan: Chechnya, Ingushetia

Dagestan Republic


Daghestan Republic

(dägəstän`), constituent republic (1999 pop. 2,074,000), c.19,400 sq mi (50,250 sq km), SE European Russia, bounded on the E by the Caspian Sea. MakhachkalaMakhachkala
, city (1989 pop. 317,000), capital of Dagestan Republic, SE European Russia, a port on the Caspian Sea. It is an important commercial and industrial center with oil refineries that are linked by pipeline with the Grozny fields.
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 (the capital) and DerbentDerbent
, city (1989 pop. 78,000), SE European Russia, in Dagestan, on the Caspian Sea. It stands on a narrow strip of land that forms a natural pass (the Caspian, or Iron, Gates) between the Caucasian foothills and the sea. Orchards and vineyards are cultivated.
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 are the chief cities. Dagestan in the south consists mainly of sections of the Caucasus Mts. Except for the Caspian plain and the Nogai steppe and the irrigated lowlands in the north, the terrain is one of steep slopes and narrow valleys. Difficulty of access has left most of Dagestan's mineral resources untapped; however, important quantities of oil and natural gas have been extracted along the coast. The irrigated lowlands support winter wheat, corn, sunflowers, fruits, and wine grapes. The republic's major industries produce canned fruit, wine, oil, machines, chemicals, textiles, and wood products. However, by the end of the 20th cent. over 85% of its budget was provided by the Russian government. The Samur, Sulak, and other rivers provide hydroelectric power. Dagestan's terrain has encouraged the development of a multiplicity of ethnic groups, more than 30 in number, most of whom are Muslim. About half the population consists of indigenous Caucasian mountain peoples (Avars, Lezghians, Darghins, Lakhs); the rest is made up of Turkic (notably Kumyks) and Iranian groups (especially Tats) and, in the cities, Russians and Ukrainians.

An ancient area of human settlement, Dagestan belonged to Caucasian Albania in the 1st millennium B.C. It was later invaded by Huns, Persian Sassanids, and, in the 7th cent. A.D., by Arabs, who introduced Islam. Taken by the Turks in the 11th cent. and the Mongols in the 13th cent., the region became the center of a struggle between Turkey and Persia in the 15th cent. It was a Persian province when Russia annexed it by the Treaty of Gulistan in 1813. Muslim mountain dwellers resisted Russian domination until 1859, and a new revolt erupted in 1877, during the Russo-Turkish war of that year. Dagestan came under Soviet rule in 1920 and in 1921 was made an autonomous republic.

In 1991, the parliament of Dagestan declared the republic to be of full republic status. Dagestan was a signatory to the Mar. 31, 1992, treaty of federation that created the Russian Federation (see RussiaRussia,
officially the Russian Federation,
Rus. Rossiya, republic (2005 est. pop. 143,420,000), 6,591,100 sq mi (17,070,949 sq km). The country is bounded by Norway and Finland in the northwest; by Estonia, Latvia, Belarus, and Ukraine in the west; by Georgia
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). In 1999 several thousand armed members of a Chechen Muslim fundamentalist group, whose aim was to merge Dagestan with neighboring ChechnyaChechnya
or Chechen Republic
, republic (1990 est. pop. 1,300,000, with neighboring Ingushetia), c.6,100 sq mi (15,800 sq km), SE European Russia, in the N Caucasus. Grozny is the capital. Prior to 1992 Chechnya and Ingushetia comprised the Checheno-Ingush Republic.
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 in a single Islamic state, invaded S Dagestan from Chechnya. Russia responded with ground and air attacks by federal troops, and the militants retreated; the incident contributed to Russia's decision to invade Chechnya later in 1999. The subsequent fighting in Chechnya at times spilled over into Dagestan; Dagestan also has experienced violence involving local Islamic militants.

Dagestan Republic

a constituent republic of S Russia, on the Caspian Sea: annexed from Persia in 1813; rich mineral resources. Capital: Makhachkala. Pop.: 2 584 200 (2002). Area: 50 278 sq. km (19 416 sq. miles)
References in periodicals archive ?
The arrest may also be linked to upcoming gubernatorial elections scheduled to be held in Dagestan 6 according to the Times, polls showed Amirov held an edge over the current acting head of the republic, Ramazan Abdulatipov.
Dagestan is part of Russia's volatile North Caucasus region where authorities are battling separatist fighters and where shootings and bomb blasts are a near-daily occurrence.
The troubles are coming too close to Dagestan for comfort.
But the pressure is mounting on soccer bosses to move the game to Moscow, well away from Dagestan, which is close to the front line of one of the most dangerous war-zones in the world.
Thanks to this, we will have our own grapes and fruits in the markets of Dagestan all year round, "Kerimkhan Abasov said.
Aliyev said over 50,000 tons of cement from Mazandaran province will be transited to Russia through Dagestan.
In Dagestan, it is not uncommon for women who lose husbands or relatives to perpetrate suicide attacks.
As many as 95 settlements have been cut off electricity supplies by the stormy winds in Russia's North Caucasian republic of Dagestan, a spokesman for the North Caucasian electricity supplier told Itar-Tass on Tuesday.
Azadi Shikhbabayev, a district administration chief, was also killed on Friday morning, after being shot in the head in the Margaramkent district of Dagestan.
Murray has provisionally sanctioned the booking of next week's trip to Dagestan and asked for new visas for Dick Advocaat and his players, in accordance with UEFA's procedures.
The exact cause of the conflict in Dagestan, a republic bordering the breakaway region of Chechnya, was not clear.
Surface treatment on the road P-217 "Caucasus" motor road M-4 "Don" - Vladikavkaz-Grozny-Makhachkala-border with Azerbaijan Republic on the section km 879 + 000-km883 + 000, the Republic of Dagestan.