Dahlak Archipelago


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Dahlak Archipelago

(däläk` ärkĭpĕl`əgō), island group, Eritrea, in the Red Sea off Massawa. There are two large, inhabited islands and more than 200 small, largely uninhabited islands. The islands are flat, barren, and mainly of coral origin. The pearl fisheries there were known to the Romans and still produce a few pearls. In the 7th cent. the group formed an independent Muslim state, but it was subsequently conquered by Yemen and, later, by the Ottoman Turks. Taken by Italy in conquest of Eritrea (1880s), the islands became part of Ethiopia after World War II, and then part of Eritrea after that country's independence in 1993.
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It has 2,234km of Red Sea coastline and an estimated 390 islands, primarily in the Dahlak Archipelago.
Israel's African assets include a stake on that continent's biggest dam project in Ethiopia and a military base on the most strategic isle in Eritrea's Dahlak Archipelago, as well as an advanced surveillance station run by Mossad in mountains near the border with South Sudan.
Mattewos Habteab Meqaleh co-founder and editor Mattewos Habteab and another journalist, Temesgen Gebreyesus, were transferred to a prison in the Dahlak Archipelago in late 2008 but were subsequently brought back to the mainland, to Eiraeiro, and it was there that Habteab finally succumbed to the camp's appalling conditions.
DAHLAK ARCHIPELAGO BETWEEN IRANIAN AND ISRAELI DESIGNS: We left Assab city and returned to Massawa.
We resumed our journey to the coastal city of Massawa for our next destination of Dahlak archipelago.
HISTORY: Yaqut Al Hamawi, one of Islam's greatest geographer-historians, says in his encyclopaedia Mu'jam Al Buldan that the Umayyads used to deport those in their hit list to Dahlak Archipelago and that the prominent figures, who had to lead a life in exile on the island, included noted poet Omar Bin Abi Rabia.
Even though Eritrea has at least 126 major islands of various geographical sizes in the Red Sea, the Dahlak Archipelago is the largest among them.
Dahlak archipelago has been in the midst of controversy over the past 20 years ever since Eritrea's independence.
There are also numerous coral islands, such as the Farasan archipelago off the Arabian coast near Jizan or the Dahlak archipelago off Massawa, as well as volcanic out-crops such as the Zubayr islands off Yemen.
The Palinurus surveyed the Dahlak archipelago extensively, as had Valentia and his party twenty-five years earlier, noting plentiful water supplies but little else.
Meanwile, next door in Eritrea, a possibility exists for that half-Christian country to become a staging ground with bases at Assab or the Dahlak Archipelago off the coast.