Dalian


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Dalian

or

Talien

(both: dä`lyĕn`), Rus. Dalny, Jap. Dairen, city (1994 est. pop. 1,855,200), S Liaoning prov., China, on the Liaodong peninsula in the Bay of Korea. It has annexed LüshunLüshun
, formerly Port Arthur,
Jap. Ryojun, former city, SW Liaoning prov., China, at the tip of the Liaodong peninsula. It was formerly combined with Dailian (Dairen) into the joint municipality of Lüda; it now is an adminstrative unit of Dalian.
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 (Port Arthur), with which it was formerly combined into the joint municipality of Lüda. With a huge, well-protected harbor, modern freight-handling facilities, and fine rail connections, Dalian is the chief commercial port of NE China and an oil-exporting port. It is also a major industrial center with large shipyards, fisheries, an oil refinery, textile mills, chemical and fertilizer plants, and factories making locomotives, rolling stock, and electrical equipment. China's largest diamond deposit is nearby. Dalian has two sections: a former Japanese district and a Chinese residential area. The city first became important when Russia occupied it as part of the Liaodong leasehold (1898). Under the Russians the city was developed as the southern terminus of the South Manchurian RR and as the chief ice-free port on the route to Vladivostok. When the Japanese acquired the territory in 1905 (thereafter known as the Kwantung leasehold), Dalian was enlarged and modernized. In 1945, Russia occupied Dalian and received a free lease from Nationalist China on half the city's port facilities. This arrangement was continued under the Communist government, and a joint Sino-Soviet company was set up to develop shipping. Russian troops remained there until 1955. Dalian is the seat of a technical university, a medical college, and several specialized schools.

Dalian

, Talien
a city in NE China, at the end of the Liaodong Peninsula: with the adjoining city of L?shun comprises the port complex of L?da. Pop.: 2 709 000 (2005 est.)
References in periodicals archive ?
The 17 km route passes from Yaojia in the north of the city to Fuguojie through Dalian North railway station.
Besides Dalian Wanda Commercial Properties, Wang Jianlin also holds a 60.
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Dalian is the second largest city of Liaoning province, after Shenyang, the provincial capital.
This year TAITRA has decided to organize nine such fairs in China, with the one in Dalian for the first time in the city.
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Four industry officials told Reuters that Dalian Fujia Petrochemical, an independent manufacturer of paraxylene (PX), an ingredient for polyester, is operating as usual and has shelved a plan to relocate from the northeast coastal city of Dalian.
China: Residents in the port city of Dalian gathered in front of the municipal government s office, shouting demands as hundreds of police looked on, the official Xinhua news agency reported.
Dalian expects the expansion to increase capacity by 100% and be completed in two years.
Petro-China diverted the VLCC Mogamigawa from the fire-hit Dalian port in north-eastern China to Daesan in South Korea.
at the northeastern coastal city of Dalian as oil spill cleanup operations
A special North Korean train for the country's leader Kim Jong Il, who is paying his first visit to China in four years, was seen waiting Tuesday morning at Jinzhou Station in Liaoning Province, about 50 kilometers north of Dalian, sources familiar with China-North Korea relations said.