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people of ancient Greece, of unknown origin. In Homer, the Achaeans are specifically a Greek-speaking people of S Thessaly. Historically, they seem to have appeared in the Peloponnesus during the 14th and 13th cent. B.C., and c.1250 B.C. they became the ruling class. There is no sharp line of separation between the earlier Mycenaean civilizationMycenaean civilization
, an ancient Aegean civilization known from the excavations at Mycenae and other sites. They were first undertaken by Heinrich Schliemann and others after 1876, and they helped to revise the early history of Greece. Divided into Early Helladic (c.
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 and the Achaean; the cultures seem to have intermingled. The invasions of the DoriansDorians,
people of ancient Greece. Their name was mythologically derived from Dorus, son of Hellen. Originating in the northwestern mountainous region of Epirus and SW Macedonia, they migrated through central Greece and into the Peloponnesus probably between 1100 and 950 B.C.
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 supposedly forced some of the Achaeans out to Asia Minor; others were concentrated in the region known in classical times as Achaea.



one of the major ancient Greek tribes who first inhabited Thessaly (northern Greece) and also settled at the beginning of the second millennium B.C. on the Peloponnesos and certain Aegean islands. During the 17th and 16th centuries B.C. the Achaeans formed early class states, such as Mycenae and Pylos, which flourished economically and politically from the 15th through 13th centuries B.C. The large role played by the Achaeans in the history of Greece of that time is demonstrated by the spread of their name to the remaining Greek tribes (as may be seen from the epic of Homer). In the middle of the 13th century B.C., after the Trojan War, the Achaean kingdom was weakened, and after the migrations of the Dorians and other Greek tribes during the 12th century B.C. into the region where the Achaeans had settled, their power was completely broken. Some of the Achaeans were driven into Asia Minor and to Cyprus and other islands; in the Peloponnesos the Achaeans were pushed into the northern regions along the Gulf of Corinth, where they formed the province called Achaea. During the eighth century B.C. settlers from Achaea founded a number of the largest cities in southern Italy—Sybaris, Croton, and others. The Achaeans again became important after 280 B.C., when the Achaean city-states reorganized their old union into the Achaean League. The league played a major role in the fight against Macedonian and Roman expansion during the third and second centuries B.C. In the ancient Greek language the dialects of the Achaeans constituted a special Achaean group.


Georgiev, V. Issledovaniia po sravnitel’no-istoricheskomu iazykoznaniiu. Moscow, 1958.
Hrozný, B. Ancient History of Western Asia, India, and Crete. New York, 1953.


References in periodicals archive ?
Danaii stressed to Barzani his country's interest in the developments in the region and said that the security and stability of the Kurdistan region is of interest to our country.
A statement by his office, Nujaifi said that he received the Iranian Ambassador Hassan Danaii Fer, and discussed with him ways to strengthen bilateral relations to serve the interests of the two neighboring peoples.
BAGHDAD / Nina /-- Iranian ambassador in Iraq, " Hassan Danaii far denied in a press statement today any arms deal between Tehran and Baghdad providing on export arms to Iraq, as reported by the U.
the Iranian Ambassador to Iraq Hassan Danaii Fer and discussed the bilateral relations between the Region and Iran.
with Iranian Ambassador Hassan Danaii Fer and discussed the bilateral relations and ways of enhancing them, especially in the fields of trade, economic and job creation and investment for companies, working men and Iranian investors in the Region.
Erbil / NINA / Deputy Secretary General of the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan, Barham Salih, discussed with Iranian Ambassador to Iraq Hassan Danaii Fer the political situation in Iraq and the Kurdistan Region and the developments in the region.
Baghdad/ NINA /-- Speaker Osama Najafi discussed with the Ambassador of Iran to Iraq, Hassan Danaii far , security and political scenes in Iraq and the region as well as the crisis of Anbar province.
BAGHDAD / NINA / The head the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq, Ammar al-Hakim discussed with the Ambassador of the Islamic Republic of Iran in Iraq, Hassan Danaii Far bilateral relations between the two countries.
The Iranian minister is accompanied by a delegation of the Iranian ambassador in Iraq, Hassan Danaii Far, former Iranian Ambassador Hassan Kazemi Qumi, the Iraqi ambassador in Iran, in addition to the advisors in the Iranian Foreign Ministry and the brother of the new President Hassan Rohani.
Baghdad / NINA /--Head of the Islamic Supreme Council of Iraq Ammar al-Hakim received in his bureau ,Iranian ambassador in Iraq Hassan Danaii Far today.