Danakil


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Danakil,

desert region, NE Ethiopia and neighboring portions of Djibouti and Eritrea, c.350 mi (560 km) long and 50–250 mi (80–400 km) wide, between the gulfs of Zula and Tadjoura. It is bordered by the Red Sea (N and E) and escarpments of the Great Rift Valley (S and W). A series of mountain ranges containing active and extinct volcanoes, sometimes called the Danakil Alps, runs parallel to the Red Sea coast N of Djibouti, rising to more than 6,980 ft (2,128 m) high at Ramlu peak. Between the ranges and the Ethiopian Highlands is a large depression, a section of the Great Rift Valley, which descends to c.380 ft (116 m) below sea level and contains salt lakes. Small rivers, mostly seasonal, flow from the highlands and end in the desert. Large areas of the W Danakil are covered by volcanic rocks; in the frontier zone with Djibouti, which is watered by the Awash River, are several lakes as well as marshes, hot springs, and volcanoes. One of the hottest and driest places on earth, the Danakil is inhabited by the nomadic Afar, or Danakil, who tend camels, sheep, goats, mules, and cattle. Salt extraction is widespread, and potash is mined at Dallol.

Danakil

 

also Dankali or Adal (self-designation, Afar), a people living in the northeastern regions of Ethiopia and on the coast of the Gulf of Tadjoura (Afars and Issas). Their total number, including the Saho who are close to them in language and culture, is about 500.000 (1967, estimate). The Danakil speak Afar, which is related to the Cushitic languages. Their religion is Islam. Vestiges of old religious beliefs are retained. The Danakil are mainly nomadic herdsmen, raising cattle and camels.


Danakil

 

a mountain range in Ethiopia, extending along the Red Sea coast. With elevations up to 2,130 m, it is composed of crystalline rock, covered with sedimentary layers and Cenozoic basaltic lavas. The dominant vegetation consists of semidesert grass and brush. Thickets of thorn bushes grow on the slopes facing the Red Sea.

References in periodicals archive ?
Circum Minerals Limited, a private company focused on the development of a significant potash deposit in the Danakil Basin of Ethiopia, has received approval from the Council of Ministers of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia for its application for a mining license for the World Class, Danakil Potash Project situated in the Danakil region of north-eastern Ethiopia.
Perhaps more than anything else, the Danakil is known for the salt 'miners'.
The Red Sea Afar Democratic Organisation (RSADO) rebel group accused the Australian South Boulder Mines Ltd of partnering with the Eritrean government to illegally exploit resources of the Afar's region of Danakil, stressing it caused environmental damage on their traditional homeland.
Ethiopia's landscapes are no less dramatic, and range from the Simien Mountains National Park and Bale Mountains National Park, which offer tremendous trekking opportunities and innumerable interactions with dozens of animals and birds, to the Danakil Depression in Northern Ethiopia, an enchanting yet unforgiving and hostile environment offering extreme adventure.
The Eastern branch included ancient and modern Egyptians, Gallas or Oromos, Danakil, Maasai, Ethiopians, Somalis, and the Tutsi and Hima of the Great Lakes Region.
They are sometimes referred to as the Danakil as they are closely associated with the great desert of the same name that most of them occupy.
I would love to visit Ethiopia -- the Danakil Depression as well as its more touristy sites -- and I am curious about Southern Sudan.
Netherlands-registered Ethiopotash holds mining and exploration permits to develop a potash project in Dallol in the Danakil Depression of Ethiopia with an annual capacity of up to 1.
The Dubbi Volcano is located in a tectonic triple junction known as the Danakil depression that spans parts of Eritrea and Ethiopia.