Danegeld


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Danegeld

(dān`gĕld'), medieval land tax originally raised to buy off raiding Danes and later used for military expenditures. In England the tribute was first levied in 868, then in 871 by AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
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, and occasionally thereafter. Under ÆthelredÆthelred,
965?–1016, king of England (978–1016), called Æthelred the Unready [Old Eng. unrœd=without counsel]. He was the son of Edgar and the half-brother of Edward the Martyr, whom he succeeded.
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 (965?–1016) it became a regular tax, and was collected by later rulers until the 12th cent., when it was converted into tallagetallage
, Fr. taille, a type of feudal tax. In its origins tallage is not clearly distinguishable from aids (a type of feudal due), and in Germany it never developed beyond an occasional "voluntary" gift from vassal to lord.
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.

Danegeld

 

an old tax in England during the Middle Ages. It was collected for the first time from the entire country in 991 as a payment to the Scandinavians (usually called Danes in England) who had attacked England. Beginning in the early 11th century, the danegeld assumed the character of a tax and was retained even after the Scandinavian raids were over. It was a special collection at first and then was exacted more or less regularly; it laid a heavy burden on the masses. In 1051 it was abolished, but after the Norman Conquest in 1066 it was again repeatedly levied. In 1163 it was replaced by a new tax, the carucage (plough tax).

References in periodicals archive ?
The 2008 mortgage crisis, which morphed into a global financial crisis, initiated an ongoing series of Danegeld payoffs to some of the biggest gold-plated piratical firms on the planet: Goldman Sachs, Citigroup, Morgan Stanley, Merrill Lynch, JPMorgan Chase, HSBC, Bank of America, Barclays, Royal Bank of Scotland, UBS, Wachovia, AIG, Credit Suisse.
The poet Rudyard Kipling picked up on this fact in a poem called Danegeld: But we've proved it again and again, That if once you have paid him the Danegeld You never get rid of the Dane.
When the Anglo-Saxons paid Viking ne'er-do-wells to go home in 856 it was called Danegeld.
The small matter of an adverse democratic vote is unlikely to derail the biggest gravy train since Danegeld a thousand years ago.
Aside from its resemblance to a form of Danegeld in sixteenth century guise, this was money that Henry, who was always critically short of funds, could ill afford.
He also attacked the tactics of Tony Blair and Gordon Brown and described the Barnett Formula as Scot-geld, a modern day Danegeld - protection money paid to the Vikings by the English.
Before King Canute's reign, Anglo Saxon coins were largely used as Danegeld, or Danish gold, manufactured by the government of England to pay off the Viking hordes.
Almost everyone I know has had this Danegeld levy imposed on them.
The Barnett formula, which distributes money to the nations of the UK, was the equivalent of the Danegeld, protec- tion money paid to the Vikings by the English, he said.
Hiltonstown Lass never looked likely to relinquish her advantage, keeping up the gallop to defeat Danegeld easily.
Friday's ceremony dates back to the Shire Reeve's duty to collect Danegeld following the Battle of Maldon in 991.