Danegeld

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Danegeld

(dān`gĕld'), medieval land tax originally raised to buy off raiding Danes and later used for military expenditures. In England the tribute was first levied in 868, then in 871 by AlfredAlfred,
849–99, king of Wessex (871–99), sometimes called Alfred the Great, b. Wantage, Berkshire. Early Life

The youngest son of King Æthelwulf, he was sent in 853 to Rome, where the pope gave him the title of Roman consul.
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, and occasionally thereafter. Under ÆthelredÆthelred,
965?–1016, king of England (978–1016), called Æthelred the Unready [Old Eng. unrœd=without counsel]. He was the son of Edgar and the half-brother of Edward the Martyr, whom he succeeded.
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 (965?–1016) it became a regular tax, and was collected by later rulers until the 12th cent., when it was converted into tallagetallage
, Fr. taille, a type of feudal tax. In its origins tallage is not clearly distinguishable from aids (a type of feudal due), and in Germany it never developed beyond an occasional "voluntary" gift from vassal to lord.
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.

Danegeld

 

an old tax in England during the Middle Ages. It was collected for the first time from the entire country in 991 as a payment to the Scandinavians (usually called Danes in England) who had attacked England. Beginning in the early 11th century, the danegeld assumed the character of a tax and was retained even after the Scandinavian raids were over. It was a special collection at first and then was exacted more or less regularly; it laid a heavy burden on the masses. In 1051 it was abolished, but after the Norman Conquest in 1066 it was again repeatedly levied. In 1163 it was replaced by a new tax, the carucage (plough tax).