Daniel O'Connell


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O'Connell, Daniel,

1775–1847, Irish political leader. He is known as the Liberator. Admitted to the Irish bar in 1798, O'Connell built up a lucrative law practice. Gradually he became involved in the Irish fight for Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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; his abilities as a speaker, organizer, and leader soon advanced him to the uncontested command of the movement. In 1823 he founded the Catholic Association, a formidable and powerful agitation society, which despite English restrictive measures became a great national force. The pressure on Parliament was brought to a head by O'Connell's election in 1828 to a seat in the House of Commons (permitted by the repeal of the Test Act), despite his inability as a Catholic to take the oaths required to sit in Parliament. Alarmed, the government was obliged to pass (1829) the Catholic Emancipation Act. In Parliament, O'Connell supported the Whigs and the reform cause. He supported repeal of the parliamentary union of Great Britain and Ireland, forming a new agitation society to replace each one suppressed by the government. O'Connell worked indefatigably for the reform of the existing government of Ireland and for the abolition of compulsory support of the Church of Ireland. In 1841, O'Connell became the first Catholic lord mayor of Dublin since the time of James II. In 1843 he was indicted for creating disaffection; he was declared guilty and imprisoned, but the sentence was overturned (1844) by the House of Lords. Favoring constitutional methods, O'Connell lost support in the 1840s to nationalists who preferred revolutionary means to end the union and to solve the Irish Land QuestionIrish Land Question,
name given in the 19th cent. to the problem of land ownership and agrarian distress in Ireland under British rule. The long-term result of conquest, confiscation, and colonization was the creation of a class of English and Scottish landlords and of an
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. He also lost followers who resented his Catholic sectarianism. The secession of the Young Ireland group from his Repeal Association signified his declining authority. Ordered to seek a change for his health, he set out for Italy, where he died. O'Connell's eminence as a leader and creator of national feeling and unity greatly affected the history of Ireland.

Bibliography

See M. R. O'Connell, ed., Correspondence of Daniel O'Connell (1973); R. Dunlop, Daniel O'Connell and the Revival of National Life in Ireland (1900); A. D. Macintyre, The Liberator (1965); R. Moley, Daniel O'Connell (1974); biographies by S. O'Faolain (1938) and D. Gwynn (1947).

References in periodicals archive ?
A CAMPAIGN has been launched to restore the crumbling ruin where political freedom fighter Daniel O'Connell was born.
Patrick yesterday puts Housing and Economic Development Secretary Daniel O'Connell in charge of the council.
The cemetery was originally built by the Great Liberator Daniel O'Connell in 1829 so Catholics could have proper burial services.
NEXX Systems, a leading provider of processing equipment for advanced wafer-level packaging applications, today announced that it has named Daniel O'Connell as Director of North America Sales.
By DECLAN BRENNAN KNOWN both as The Liberator and the Great Emancipator, Daniel O'Connell was born in 1775.
Authors Eric Goodness, Christine Tenneson, Ted Chamberlin, Daniel O'Connell, Scott Morrison, To Chee-eng; ID Number G00156318 (2) Gartner, Inc.
Meanwhile, Patrick administration Housing and Economic Development Secretary Daniel O'Connell said a nonbinding referendum on casinos "may not be the best course of action at this time.
The poll of 4,500 listeners on Radio Kerry put Sr Consilio Fitzgerald ahead of a field which included politicians Dick Spring Daniel O'Connell.
100 YEARS AGO: A two-year-old boy named Daniel O'Connell, at Northfield, drank a quantity of paraffin from a can.
Other panel members included: Pratheepan Gulasekaram, an Assistant Professor at Santa Clara University School of Law; Daniel O'Connell Offner from Nixon Peabody, LLP; and Jennifer Dominitz, Vice President of Legal Affairs at NBC Universal Television.
2 million people have been interred in it since it opened in 1832, including its founder Daniel O'Connell, and patriots Michael Collins, Eamon De Valera and Charles Stewart Parnell.
Authored by Eric Goodness, Christine Tenneson, Ted Chamberlin and Daniel O'Connell, and published May 14, 2008, the report covers vendors of IT services for business communications systems in North America.