Daniel O'Connell


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O'Connell, Daniel,

1775–1847, Irish political leader. He is known as the Liberator. Admitted to the Irish bar in 1798, O'Connell built up a lucrative law practice. Gradually he became involved in the Irish fight for Catholic EmancipationCatholic Emancipation,
term applied to the process by which Roman Catholics in the British Isles were relieved in the late 18th and early 19th cent. of civil disabilities.
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; his abilities as a speaker, organizer, and leader soon advanced him to the uncontested command of the movement. In 1823 he founded the Catholic Association, a formidable and powerful agitation society, which despite English restrictive measures became a great national force. The pressure on Parliament was brought to a head by O'Connell's election in 1828 to a seat in the House of Commons (permitted by the repeal of the Test Act), despite his inability as a Catholic to take the oaths required to sit in Parliament. Alarmed, the government was obliged to pass (1829) the Catholic Emancipation Act. In Parliament, O'Connell supported the Whigs and the reform cause. He supported repeal of the parliamentary union of Great Britain and Ireland, forming a new agitation society to replace each one suppressed by the government. O'Connell worked indefatigably for the reform of the existing government of Ireland and for the abolition of compulsory support of the Church of Ireland. In 1841, O'Connell became the first Catholic lord mayor of Dublin since the time of James II. In 1843 he was indicted for creating disaffection; he was declared guilty and imprisoned, but the sentence was overturned (1844) by the House of Lords. Favoring constitutional methods, O'Connell lost support in the 1840s to nationalists who preferred revolutionary means to end the union and to solve the Irish Land QuestionIrish Land Question,
name given in the 19th cent. to the problem of land ownership and agrarian distress in Ireland under British rule. The long-term result of conquest, confiscation, and colonization was the creation of a class of English and Scottish landlords and of an
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. He also lost followers who resented his Catholic sectarianism. The secession of the Young Ireland group from his Repeal Association signified his declining authority. Ordered to seek a change for his health, he set out for Italy, where he died. O'Connell's eminence as a leader and creator of national feeling and unity greatly affected the history of Ireland.

Bibliography

See M. R. O'Connell, ed., Correspondence of Daniel O'Connell (1973); R. Dunlop, Daniel O'Connell and the Revival of National Life in Ireland (1900); A. D. Macintyre, The Liberator (1965); R. Moley, Daniel O'Connell (1974); biographies by S. O'Faolain (1938) and D. Gwynn (1947).

References in periodicals archive ?
BYTHESEA Joe Edwards, Mark Jackson, Daniel O'Connell, Liam Power and Andy Royden are Wirral quartet By The Sea.
Indeed, when the Irish Catholic abolitionist Daniel O'Connell spoke out against slavery, American Catholics urged him to be quiet.
Daniel O'Connell Comcast Senior Vice President, MDU, Business Development
The 51-year-old, who also uses the names Daniel O'Connell and Sean O'Connell, is known to live rough and travel in Scotland and Northern Ireland.
We'll Be This Way Until the End of the World, 2008, the eponymous work of Declan Clarke's recent show, is a 16-mm film (transferred to DVD) that features details of a monument dedicated to Daniel O'Connell, an Irish political leader and celebrated orator active in the first half of the nineteenth century.
This study makes clear what millions of seniors already know too well: for every $100 worth of expenses they could afford in 2000, they can afford just $76 today," said Daniel O'Connell, chairman of TSCL.
Daniel O'Connell has been appointed regional sales manager for the North American market.
The founders of the quarterly--the Irish patriot Daniel O'Connell, who contributed to the journal its initial prestige and financial support, Michael Quin, an Irish journalist and political colleague of Daniel O'Connell, and Nicholas Wiseman, an Irish Catholic priest teaching at the English College in Rome--envisioned the periodical as a voice for Roman Catholicism in the British Isles in an age that was increasingly interested in the Catholic Church, largely because of the Oxford Movement.
In addition to the economic advantages of not needing a large capital budget, hosted contact centers provide competitive advantages to businesses regardless of size," concluded Daniel O'Connell, research director at Gartner, in the report.
Niloufar Talebi, born in London to Iranian parents and educated in Iran, Europe, and the United States (where she now lives), has ably translated eighteen of these poets, seven women and eleven men, with assistance from poets Zack Rogow and Daniel O'Connell.
The study by Camelia Suleiman from Florida International University and Daniel O'Connell from Georgetown University in the US, compared the language of male and female, and black and white politicians to determine if ethnicity and gender play a role in the way they speak.
1) About the Gartner Magic QuadrantThis Magic Quadrant for Managed and Professional Network Service Providers, Worldwide 2008 was published on 22 August 2008 and authored by Eric Goodness, Christine Tenneson, Ted Chamberlin, Daniel O'Connell, Scott Morrison and To Chee Eng.