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Dar-es-Salaam(där`-ĕs-säläm`) [Arab.,=haven of peace], city (2012 pop. 4,364,541), on a bay of the Indian Ocean. The former capital of Tanzania, it is the country's largest city and its communications, and economic center. The major industries produce foods and beverages, oil, textiles, clothing, shoes, cement, aluminum products, and pharmaceuticals. Although it has limited access to the sea, Dar-es-Salaam is Tanzania's main port; exports include cotton, sisal, coffee, diamonds, and hides. The port can handle oceangoing vessels, but dhows still carry some goods bound for coastal African and SW Asian ports. A railroad runs from Dar-es-Salaam to Kigoma, on Lake Tanganyika, and the Tazara Railway (also known as the Great Uhuru or Tanzam Railway) links Dar-es-Salaam with the Zambian Copperbelt. A cable-stayed bridge (2016) connects the city center with districts to its south. Dar-es-Salaam has an international airport.
Founded in 1866 by the sultan of ZanzibarZanzibar
, semiautonomous archipelago (2012 pop. 1,303,569), Tanzania, E Africa, in the Indian Ocean c. 20 mi (32 km) off the mainland, consisting of the island of Zanzibar or Unjuga (2012 pop. 896,721), 600 sq mi (1,554 sq km), Pemba, and neighboring smaller islands.
..... Click the link for more information. , Dar-es-Salaam was a small town when German forces occupied it in 1887. In 1891 it became the capital of German East AfricaGerman East Africa,
former German colony, c.370,000 sq mi (958,300 sq km), E Africa. Dar es Salaam was the capital. German influence emerged in the area in 1884 when Carl Peters, the German explorer, obtained treaties over parts of the territory.
..... Click the link for more information. , but its main growth began during World War II. It is the site of the Univ. of Dar-es-Salaam, Kivukoni Acad. of Social Sciences, Dar-es-Salaam Technical College, the Open Univ. of Tanzania, the College of Business Education, the Ardhi Institute, the Institute of Kiswahili Research, a botanical garden, the national archives, and the National Museum of Tanzania. Many political exiles were drawn to Dar-es-Salaam when Tanzania was an outspoken supporter of African liberation movements (1960s to early 1990s). In 1996, Tanzania's national assembly moved to DodomaDodoma
, municipality (2012 pop. 213,636), capital of Tanzania, central Tanzania. It is the trade center for an agricultural region producing beans, seeds, corn, peanuts, grains, coffee, tea, and tobacco. Cattle are also raised and marketed.
..... Click the link for more information. , but many government offices remain in Dar-es-Salaam. In Aug., 1998, a terrorist bomb exploded at the U.S. Embassy in Dar-es-Salaam, killing 11 people.
(Arabic. “haven of peace”), the capital of the United Republic of Tanzania. Political, economic, and cultural center of the country. Located on the shore of the Indian Ocean. The climate is subequatorial; the mean August temperature is about 23°C, the mean January temperature about 28°C. Precipitation amounts to approximately 1,500 mm annually. Population. 272,800 (1967; 128,000 in 1957). Populated primarily by peoples of the Eastern Bantu group.
Dar-es-Salaam was founded in 1862 by the sultan of Zanzibar on the site of the fishing village of Mzizima. In 1887 it was seized by the German East Africa Company and became the administrative center of German East Africa in 1891. In 1916 the city was captured by British troops, and from 1919 to 1961 it was the center of the British colonial administration of Tanganyika. In 1961 it became the capital of the independent state of Tanganyika, and since 1964 it has been the capital of Tanzania.
Dar-es-Salaam is a center of processing industry. It has meat-packing, tobacco, flour-milling, brewery, and other enterprises, most of which in 1967 had become the property of the state or were controlled by it (51 percent of the shares). The city produces varnishes, paints, furniture, and metal tares. It has a fishing industry. Small craft are built here. It is the country’s principal seaport (with a cargo turnover of 600,000–700.000 tons a year). Two-thirds of the country’s exports (sisal hemp, cotton, peanuts, hides, gold, and diamonds) and copper from the Republic of Zaire pass through the port. Dar-es-Salaam is connected by railroad with the town of Kigoma on Lake Tanganyika. It is a highway terminal and has an international airport. An oil pipeline from Dar-es-Salaam to Zambia was completed in 1968.
Dar-es-Salaam is the site of a university, a college for training administrative personnel, technical and medical colleges, a school of business, and scholarly institutions carrying on research in forestry, the literature of East Africa, the Swahili language, and other areas. Dar-es-Salaam also has the Little Theater, the National Museum of Tanzania, and a botanical garden.