Dario Fo


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Fo, Dario,

1926–2016, Italian playwright, actor, and director, b. Leggiuno Sangiano. Fo developed a sharp and irreverent satirical farce influenced by Bertholt BrechtBrecht, Bertolt
, 1898–1956, German dramatist and poet, b. Eugen Berthold Friedrich Brecht. His brilliant wit, his outspoken Marxism, and his revolutionary experiments in the theater made Brecht a vital and controversial force in modern drama.
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 and Antonio GramsciGramsci, Antonio
, 1891–1937, Italian political leader and theoretician. Originally a member of the Socialist party and a cofounder (1919) of the left-wing paper L'Ordine Nuovo, Gramsci helped to establish (1921) the Italian Communist party.
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 as well as by traditional commedia dell'artecommedia dell'arte
, popular form of comedy employing improvised dialogue and masked characters that flourished in Italy from the 16th to the 18th cent. Characters of the Commedia Dell'Arte
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 (although less formal than the latter). Inspired by the circus and carnivals, he used slapstick, puns, ridicule, and parody to explore social and political issues and to criticize authority of all kinds. A long-time member of the Communist party (he and his wife were denied entry into the United States in the early 1980s), Fo was often critical of the policies of the Roman Catholic church, which termed some of his plays blasphemous. Forceful, wittily anarchic, and often disturbing, his work was impeded by Italian censorship before 1962. In 1958, Fo and his wife, actress and playwright Franca Rame (1929–2013), with whom he frequently collaborated in writing and acting, founded their own troupe and began presenting works on contemporary issues. In the 1970s their plays became more political and more radical. The most famous of these is Accidental Death of an Anarchist (1970), a farce about the alleged suicide of an anarchist in police custody. Another well-known work, It's All Bed, Board and Church, is the collective title of five feminist monologues created by the pair in 1977. Rame also served (2006–8) in the Italian parliament. Among Fo's more than 70 other plays are a satire on politics and religion, Mistero Buffo (1969, rev. and updated for 30 years), Can't Pay, Won't Pay (1974), The Pope and the Witch (1989), and The Devil with Boobs (1997). Fo was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1997.

Bibliography

See his Tricks of the Trade (1986, tr. 1991); T. Mitchell, ed., File on Fo (1989); D. Hirst, Dario Fo and Franca Rame (1989); T. Behan, Dario Fo: Revolutionary Theater (2000); J. Farrell and A. Scuderi, ed., Dario Fo: Stage, Text, and Tradition (2000); R. Jenkins, Dario Fo and Franca Rame: Artful Laughter (2001); A. Scuderi, Dario Fo: Framing, Festival, and the Folkloric Imagination (2011).

References in periodicals archive ?
In this historical framework Dario Fo carved his own interpretation of Gramsci and he did so with little effort toward philological accuracy, letting instead his own idiosyncrasies, along with the here-and-now of the political debate, dictate his agenda.
Nel denunciare queste condizioni, Dario Fo e Franca Rame si soffermano in particolare su due aspetti: la pervasita alienante del lavoro al telaio, da un lato, e dall'altro il ruolo dei committenti.
Laureates like Toni Morrison, Dario Fo, and Jose Saramago cheapen the Nobel Prize.
uk Woman Alone Bristol's Little Black Box Theatre presents six challenging and powerful stories from Dario Fo and Franca Rame's collaborative work, November 21.
WHO SAYS you can't be a child all your life, asks Avijit Dutt as he prepares to present Dario Fo for the third time to audiences in the Capital.
The script also draws on extracts from texts by Franca Rame and Dario Fo, Christa Wolf, Franz Grillparzer, Ursula Haas and Ulrike Meinhof -- the German militant who tried to kidnap her children.
The play enacted was "The Tigress Story" written by writer and dramatist Dario Fo staged by the Dramatic Education Artistic Labour Reperatory Theatre, Langjing.
The play by the Nobel prizewinning Italian writer Dario Fo, is based on real events, the death of, Giuseppe Pinelli, who fell - possibly with help - from the fourth floor window of a Milan police station in 1969 after being accused of the bombing of a bank.
Known for their contemporary and comical takes on the classics, this time the Dario Fo satire got the full treatment, and proved to be a startlingly appropriate choice once things got under way.
Staging Dario Fo and Franca Rame; Anglo-American approaches to political theatre.
Judged by Nobel Prize-winners Dario Fo and Jose Saramago, filmmaker Costa Gavras, and writer Jose Luis Sampedro, the award highlights intellectual innovation and is designed to "create a breach in the dominant thought.
The third production, Mistero Busso, by Dario Fo, is another oneman performance in which the actor focuses on comedy through a wide range of characters.