Darmstadt

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Darmstadt

(därm`shtät), city (1994 pop. 139,750), Hesse, central Germany. It is a commercial, industrial, and transportation center; its manufactures include chemicals, machinery, and pharmaceuticals. Darmstadt was first mentioned in the 11th cent. and was chartered in 1330. It passed to the landgraves of HesseHesse
, Ger. Hessen, state (1994 pop. 5,800,000), 8,150 sq mi (24,604 sq km), central Germany. Wiesbaden is the capital. It is bounded by Baden-Württemberg and Bavaria in the south, Rhineland-Palatinate in the west, North Rhine–Westphalia and Lower Saxony in
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 in 1479. The city was severely damaged during World War II. It is the site of a technical university and the seat of the Institute for Heavy Ion Research, the European Space Operations Center, and the European Organization for Weather Satellites.

Darmstadt

an industrial city in central Germany, in Hesse: former capital of the grand duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt (1567--1945). Pop.: 139 698 (2003 est.)