(1902–79) film executive, producer, screenwriter; born in Wahoo, Nebr. He played a little Indian in a Western film at age eight, and in 1923 he joined Warners as a screenwriter. In 1933 he founded Twentieth Century, which merged with Fox in 1934. He became an independent producer in 1956. Among his films were Little Caesar (1930), How Green Was My Valley (1941), and The Sound of Music (1965); he won the Thalberg Award three times (1937, 1944, 1950).