Dartmoor Prison

Dartmoor Prison,

English prison, at Princetown, Devonshire, built (1806–9) to house French captives during the Napoleonic Wars. During the War of 1812 many American prisoners were confined there, and their brutal mistreatment was investigated after the war by an Anglo-American commission that awarded compensation to the families of those who had died there. Between 1812 and 1816 about 1,500 American and French prisoners died in the prison and were buried in a field beyond the prison walls. Unoccupied for over 30 years, Dartmoor was reopened in 1850 as a civilian prison for convicts sentenced to long terms of imprisonment or to hard labor.


See A. J. Rhodes, ed., Dartmoor Prison; A Record of 126 Years of Prisoner of War and Convict Life, 1806–1932 (1933); T. Tullett, Inside Dartmoor (1966).

References in periodicals archive ?
There are also neverbefore-seen pictures of scenes now confined to the history books, including of a traffic policeman in his hut in Durham in 1954 and inmates at Dartmoor Prison shackled together pulling a cart into the gates.
1809: Dartmoor Prison was opened to house |French prisoners of war.
Eddie now enjoys a qui-eter life in a Saltburn retirement home, but after joining the army aged 19 he was in command of 60 convicts from Dartmoor Prison within a year, pulling people from burning buildings during the blitz.
1806: The foundation stone of Dartmoor prison in Devon was laid by Thomas Tyrwhitt.
The prisoners rejected the offer during an incident in hot weather at Dartmoor prison in Devon on June 19.
Two lags were demonstrating five floors up at Dartmoor prison in 21C heat and were asked if they wanted a tube of factor 50 lotion.
Even worse for Scots was to be sent the length of Britain to Dartmoor Prison, temporarily renamed Princetown Work Centre, with no hope of visits from family.
Drawing on journals written by prisoners, as well as other sources, this work offers an account of the events that occurred during the War of 1812 and the incarceration of thousands of American and French prisoners-of-war in England's Dartmoor Prison.
Businessman William Jolliffe, from West Sussex, was in charge of building Dartmoor Prison and Waterloo Bridge.
The opening episode of this second series begins with James handcuffed to Oz Clarke - not a situation many people would envy - and trying to escape from Dartmoor prison before navigating their way across the nearby treacherous moors.
One of the tastier titbits from the recent breakdown in Government costs is that we're shelling out close on a million smackers a year to rent Dartmoor Prison from HRH.
Princetown, in the heart of the park, plays host to some longer-stay visitors in Dartmoor Prison.
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