Dastan


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Dastan

 

(farsi), an epic genre widely encountered in the literature of the Near and Middle East and Middle and Southeast Asia. There are two categories of dastan: folk art (the genre of legend), in which heroic themes in poetic form prevail, and the literary development in prose of fairy-tale plots. legends, and traditions of romantic, heroic, and fantastic themes. The prose text is often interrupted by monologues or dialogues in verse. Among the Turkmenians, Azerbaijani, and Turks the dastan is also called an öğüşname (for example. The Book of My Grandfather Korkut). Some Magi hikâyets are similar to dastans.

In classic Persian, Tadzhik, Uzbek, and Azerbaijani literature of the tenth through the 15th century, dastan referred to a category of romantic narrative poems (for example, Leili and Medjnun and Khosrov and Shirin), as well as to chapters of great epic poems (Firdausi’s Shah Nama). Traces of a distinct creative style are evident in the dastans of India and Pakistan. Most dastans of literary origin that once were compiled by individual authors gradually found their way into the oral folk tradition, and they do not differ much from popular poetic dastans. Idealized heroes, hyperbole, and themes of love and adventure are characteristic of both groups of dastans. The dastan developed broadly as a genre used by professional writers between the 16th and 18th centuries. The prosaic dastan. however, became widespread much earlier. Today, dastans are still written among several peoples, including the Uzbeks, Karakalpaks, and Turks.

TEXTS

Azärbayjan khalg dastanlarï, books 1–2. Baku, 1961.
Ozbĕk khalq dastanlari, volumes 1–2. Tashkent, 1957–58.
Dastanhaye eshkiye pakestan. Tehran, 1961.
Fakhreddin Gurgani. Vis i Ramin. [Foreword by I. S. Braginskii.] Moscow, 1963.

REFERENCES

Zhirmunskii, V. M., and Kh. T. Zarifov. Uzbekskii narodnyi geroicheskii epos. Moscow, 1947.
Orbeli, I. Armianskii geroicheskii epos. Yerevan, 1956.
Korogly. Kh. “Destannyi epos turkmenskogo naroda.” Tr. Intaiazyka i lit-ry AN SSSR, issue 1. Ashkhabad. 1956.
Säfa, Z. Khämase-särayidär Iran. Tehran, A.H. 1333 (1954).
Nöldeke, Th. Das Iranische Nationalepos. Berlin-Leipzig, 1920.
Gyan Cand Jain. Urdu ki dastanen unnisvin saditak. Allahabad, 1954.

KH. KOROGLY

References in periodicals archive ?
The event was attended by MP Dastan Bekeshev, Deputy Minister of Health Amangeldi Murzaliyev and staff of the healthcare institution.
After the success of Hazar Dastan and Dever Bhabi, Rani became a leading actress in Pakistani cinema.
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According to the report, the crates of ammunition found in an Aleppo mosque were made by the Ukrainian firm Dastan, Luhansk Cartridge Works (LCW), founded in 1895 and specialises in naval weapons and missile complexes.
Hoshruba hails from the Urdu dastan tradition, an oral narrative art in which professional dastan-go bards tell epics to rapt crowds of listeners, expanding a basic plotline into huge cycles of adventures that can literally go on for years.
Now Prince Dastan, he and his brothers Tus (Richard Coyle) and Garsiv (Toby Kebbell) head for a fortress controlled by Tamina.
INSPIRED by the best-selling video games series, brothers Dastan (Jake Gyllenhaal), Tus (Richard Coyle) and Garsiv (Toby Kebbell) head for a fortress controlled by Princess Tamina (Gemma Arterton), rumoured to be the source of weapons for enemies of their father King Sharaman (Ronald Pickup).
Jake Gyllenhaal (pictured) buffs up to play orphan Dastan, adopted by the King of Persia but framed for his murder.
Prince Dastan (Jake Gyllenhaal) and his brothers Tus (Richard Coyle) and Garsiv (Toby Kebbell) head for a fortress controlled by Princess Tamina (Gemma Arterton), rumoured to be the source of weapons for their father's enemies.
Jake Gyllenhaal plays Dastan, a pauper boy adopted by the King Of Persia who grows to be brother to his other two sons.
Prince Of Persia: The Sands Of Time (12) PRINCE Dastan (Jake Gyllenhaal) and his brothers Tus (Richard Coyle) and Garsiv (Toby Kebbell) head for a fortress controlled by Princess Tamina (Gemma Arterton), rumoured to be the source of weapons for their father's enemies.